Mismatch repair (MMR) efficiency and MSH2 gene mutation in human colorectal carcinoma cell line COLO320HSR

Mismatch repair (MMR) efficiency and MSH2 gene mutation in human colorectal carcinoma cell line... Colorectal cancer (CC) is one of two diseases, in which the link between cancer proneness and DNA repair deficiency appears to be proved. A strict relationship between mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations, microsatellite instability (MSI) has been found in familiar colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome). Tumorigenesis at familiar cancer is initiated by biallelic mutations in the major MMR genes, namely MSH2 or MLH1. One of these mutations is an inherited germline alteration and the other is a somatic one. The initiating mutation in sporadic colorectal tumors was not still identified although biochemical and genetic signs of MMR deficiency are observed in tumor cells. Two currently used colorectal tumor cell lines HCT116 and COLO320HSR were derived from hereditary and sporadic tumors accordingly. HCT116 cell line exhibits MMR-deficiency due to biallelic deletion in MLH1. As a consequence this shows MSI phenotype and a near-diploid karyotype. COLO320HSR cell line is characterized by MSS phenotype with mostly imbalanced aberrations. This indicates MMR proficiency in these cells. However, both MMR-deficient HCT116 and COLO320HSR cells reveal near-diploid karyotype. Earlier we have shown that the number of secondary DNA double strand breaks, induced by methylnitrosourea (MNU), represent functional activity of cellular MMR. In the present study, using this approach we evaluated sensitivity to MNU and MMR activity in two colorectal tumor cell lines (HCT116, COLO320HSR) and compared them to that in the HeLa cell line, which have MMR-proficient phenotype. We showed that cell line COLO320HSR exhibits low MMR activity, close to the level of MMR-activity in HCT116 cell line. We found a mutation in MSH2-G520A gene in COLO320HSR. This neutral mutation apparently is not related to polymorphism as we failed to identify the same mutation in any of MSH2 gene sequences of lymphocytes from 30 patients with sporadic colorectal cancer. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Mismatch repair (MMR) efficiency and MSH2 gene mutation in human colorectal carcinoma cell line COLO320HSR

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/mismatch-repair-mmr-efficiency-and-msh2-gene-mutation-in-human-DswrfIyqoW
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795407040126
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CC) is one of two diseases, in which the link between cancer proneness and DNA repair deficiency appears to be proved. A strict relationship between mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations, microsatellite instability (MSI) has been found in familiar colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome). Tumorigenesis at familiar cancer is initiated by biallelic mutations in the major MMR genes, namely MSH2 or MLH1. One of these mutations is an inherited germline alteration and the other is a somatic one. The initiating mutation in sporadic colorectal tumors was not still identified although biochemical and genetic signs of MMR deficiency are observed in tumor cells. Two currently used colorectal tumor cell lines HCT116 and COLO320HSR were derived from hereditary and sporadic tumors accordingly. HCT116 cell line exhibits MMR-deficiency due to biallelic deletion in MLH1. As a consequence this shows MSI phenotype and a near-diploid karyotype. COLO320HSR cell line is characterized by MSS phenotype with mostly imbalanced aberrations. This indicates MMR proficiency in these cells. However, both MMR-deficient HCT116 and COLO320HSR cells reveal near-diploid karyotype. Earlier we have shown that the number of secondary DNA double strand breaks, induced by methylnitrosourea (MNU), represent functional activity of cellular MMR. In the present study, using this approach we evaluated sensitivity to MNU and MMR activity in two colorectal tumor cell lines (HCT116, COLO320HSR) and compared them to that in the HeLa cell line, which have MMR-proficient phenotype. We showed that cell line COLO320HSR exhibits low MMR activity, close to the level of MMR-activity in HCT116 cell line. We found a mutation in MSH2-G520A gene in COLO320HSR. This neutral mutation apparently is not related to polymorphism as we failed to identify the same mutation in any of MSH2 gene sequences of lymphocytes from 30 patients with sporadic colorectal cancer.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 20, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off