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miR-140-5p/miR-149 Affects Chondrocyte Proliferation, Apoptosis, and Autophagy by Targeting FUT1 in Osteoarthritis

miR-140-5p/miR-149 Affects Chondrocyte Proliferation, Apoptosis, and Autophagy by Targeting FUT1... Osteoarthritis (OA), the most prevalent chronic and degenerative joint disease, is characterized by articular cartilage degradation and chondrocyte injury. Increased cell apoptosis and defective cell autophagy in chondrocytes are a feature of degenerative cartilage. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as potential regulators of OA. This study aimed to determine the potential role of miR-140-5p and miR-149 in apoptosis, autophagy, and proliferation in human primary chondrocytes and investigate the underlying mechanism. We revealed the differential expressional profiles of miR-140-5p/149 and fucosyltransferase 1 (FUT1) in the articular cartilage tissues of OA patients and normal people and validated FUT1 was a direct target of miR-140-5p/149. The overexpression of miR-140-5p/149 inhibited apoptosis and promoted proliferation and autophagy of human primary chondrocytes via downregulating FUT1. On the contrary, the downregulation of miR-140-5p/149 inhibited chondrocyte proliferation and autophagy, whereas the effect was reversed by FUT1 knockdown. Taken together, our data suggested that miR-140-5p and miR-149 could mediate the development of OA, which was regulated by FUT1. miR-140-5p/miR-149/FUT1 axis might serve as a predictive biomarker and a potential therapeutic target in OA treatment. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Inflammation Springer Journals

miR-140-5p/miR-149 Affects Chondrocyte Proliferation, Apoptosis, and Autophagy by Targeting FUT1 in Osteoarthritis

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Rheumatology; Internal Medicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Pathology
ISSN
0360-3997
eISSN
1573-2576
DOI
10.1007/s10753-018-0750-6
pmid
29488053
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA), the most prevalent chronic and degenerative joint disease, is characterized by articular cartilage degradation and chondrocyte injury. Increased cell apoptosis and defective cell autophagy in chondrocytes are a feature of degenerative cartilage. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as potential regulators of OA. This study aimed to determine the potential role of miR-140-5p and miR-149 in apoptosis, autophagy, and proliferation in human primary chondrocytes and investigate the underlying mechanism. We revealed the differential expressional profiles of miR-140-5p/149 and fucosyltransferase 1 (FUT1) in the articular cartilage tissues of OA patients and normal people and validated FUT1 was a direct target of miR-140-5p/149. The overexpression of miR-140-5p/149 inhibited apoptosis and promoted proliferation and autophagy of human primary chondrocytes via downregulating FUT1. On the contrary, the downregulation of miR-140-5p/149 inhibited chondrocyte proliferation and autophagy, whereas the effect was reversed by FUT1 knockdown. Taken together, our data suggested that miR-140-5p and miR-149 could mediate the development of OA, which was regulated by FUT1. miR-140-5p/miR-149/FUT1 axis might serve as a predictive biomarker and a potential therapeutic target in OA treatment.

Journal

InflammationSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 27, 2018

References