Reliable transmission and high data rate over underwater acoustic channels are considerably challenging. In this paper, we propose Multiple-Input and Multiple-Output (MIMO) scheme using a Hyperbolic Frequency Modulation (HFM) waveform. Our proposed system combines the advantages of both systems-special multiplexing of MIMO and immunity against Doppler shift of HFM. To increase the spectral efficiency, we employ M-ray HFM and overlapped sub-channels by leveraging the high temporal resolution characteristic. To verify effectiveness of our system, we have designed a theoretically enhanced acoustic simulator, which especially focuses on the reflection phenomenon by utilizing approved reflection loss models. Based on our acoustic simulator, we could verify that our system is robust against for multipath fading and Doppler shifting while keeping the multiplexing benefit of MIMO, while maintaining a very low complexity and system overhead. In addition, the results provide a useful insight for physical layer design in acoustic communication systems.
Wireless Personal Communications – Springer Journals
Published: May 3, 2017
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