A convenient and efficient solvent-free procedure is described for preparation of 6-amino-4-aryl-3-methyl-1,4-dihydropyrano[2,3-c]pyrazole-5-carbonitriles by four-component reaction of hydrazine hydrate, ethyl acetoacetate, aryl aldehyde, and malononitrile in the presence of a catalytic amount of titanium dioxide nano-sized particles. Short reaction times, high yields under ambient conditions, simple reaction, clean work-up, and reusability of the nano heterogeneous catalyst are the advantages of this method.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 13, 2013
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