Migration and labor supply in Georgia: an empirical study

Migration and labor supply in Georgia: an empirical study Eurasian Econ Rev https://doi.org/10.1007/s40822-018-0106-4 ORIGINAL PAPER Migration and labor supply in Georgia: an empirical study George Berulava Received: 26 November 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2018 / Accepted: 15 May 2018 © Eurasia Business and Economics Society 2018 Abstract This paper explores the impacts of migration on the labor supply deci- sions of left-behinds. Based on the data from the Georgian Household Survey and employing the instrumental variable Probit regression, this study establishes a causal link between migration and labor market outputs in Georgia. Another goal of the study is to ascertain whether or not the impact of migration on the labor market outcomes of left-behinds depends on the migrant’s relationship to a household head. The results of the study suggest that international migration is an important predic- tor of the labor participation choices and the employment status of left-behinds and that these effects are robust to the control of remittances. However, the impact of migration on the labor market participation/inactivity decisions of left-behind fam- ily members differs substantially by the household status of the migrant as well as the gender of left-behinds. For left-behind females, the effect of migration on their labor participation decisions is significant and has a negative sign. For http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Eurasian Economic Review Springer Journals

Migration and labor supply in Georgia: an empirical study

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Eurasia Business and Economics Society
Subject
Economics; Economics, general
ISSN
1309-422X
eISSN
2147-429X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40822-018-0106-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Eurasian Econ Rev https://doi.org/10.1007/s40822-018-0106-4 ORIGINAL PAPER Migration and labor supply in Georgia: an empirical study George Berulava Received: 26 November 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2018 / Accepted: 15 May 2018 © Eurasia Business and Economics Society 2018 Abstract This paper explores the impacts of migration on the labor supply deci- sions of left-behinds. Based on the data from the Georgian Household Survey and employing the instrumental variable Probit regression, this study establishes a causal link between migration and labor market outputs in Georgia. Another goal of the study is to ascertain whether or not the impact of migration on the labor market outcomes of left-behinds depends on the migrant’s relationship to a household head. The results of the study suggest that international migration is an important predic- tor of the labor participation choices and the employment status of left-behinds and that these effects are robust to the control of remittances. However, the impact of migration on the labor market participation/inactivity decisions of left-behind fam- ily members differs substantially by the household status of the migrant as well as the gender of left-behinds. For left-behind females, the effect of migration on their labor participation decisions is significant and has a negative sign. For

Journal

Eurasian Economic ReviewSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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