Microsynteny between pea and Medicago truncatula in the SYM2 region

Microsynteny between pea and Medicago truncatula in the SYM2 region The crop legume pea (Pisum sativum) is genetically well characterized. However, due to its large genome it is not amenable to efficient positional cloning strategies. The purpose of this study was to determine if the model legume Medicago truncatula, which is a close relative of pea, could be used as a reference genome to facilitate the cloning of genes identified based on phenotypic and genetic criteria in pea. To this end, we studied the level of microsynteny between the SYM2 region of pea and the orthologous region in M. truncatula. Initially, a marker tightly linked to SYM2 was isolated by performing differential RNA display on near-isogenic pea lines. This marker served as the starting point for construction of a BAC physical map in M. truncatula. A fine-structure genetic map, based on eight markers from the M. truncatula physical map, indicates that the two genomes in this region share a conserved gene content. Importantly, this fine structure genetic map clearly delimits the SYM2-containing region in pea and the SYM2-orthologous region in M. truncatula, and should provide the basis for cloning SYM2. The utility of the physical and genetic tools in M. truncatula to dissect the SYM2 region of pea should have important implications for other gene cloning experiments in pea, in particular where the two genomes are highly syntenic within the region of interest. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Microsynteny between pea and Medicago truncatula in the SYM2 region

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1016085523752
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The crop legume pea (Pisum sativum) is genetically well characterized. However, due to its large genome it is not amenable to efficient positional cloning strategies. The purpose of this study was to determine if the model legume Medicago truncatula, which is a close relative of pea, could be used as a reference genome to facilitate the cloning of genes identified based on phenotypic and genetic criteria in pea. To this end, we studied the level of microsynteny between the SYM2 region of pea and the orthologous region in M. truncatula. Initially, a marker tightly linked to SYM2 was isolated by performing differential RNA display on near-isogenic pea lines. This marker served as the starting point for construction of a BAC physical map in M. truncatula. A fine-structure genetic map, based on eight markers from the M. truncatula physical map, indicates that the two genomes in this region share a conserved gene content. Importantly, this fine structure genetic map clearly delimits the SYM2-containing region in pea and the SYM2-orthologous region in M. truncatula, and should provide the basis for cloning SYM2. The utility of the physical and genetic tools in M. truncatula to dissect the SYM2 region of pea should have important implications for other gene cloning experiments in pea, in particular where the two genomes are highly syntenic within the region of interest.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2004

References

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