Microstructures and Properties of Copper to Stainless Steel Joints by Hybrid FSW

Microstructures and Properties of Copper to Stainless Steel Joints by Hybrid FSW The present research article is focused to investigate the heating- and cooling-assisted friction stir welding (FSW) on dissimilar copper to stainless steel joints along with normal FSW. Gas tungsten arc welding torch was applied for heating-assisted source in front of the FSW tool, wherein preheating current was varied as 20, 40, and 60 A with rest of constant FSW parameters. Similarly, cooling-assisted FSW was performed by compressed air and water behind the FSW tool for constant FSW parameters, wherein the compressed air flow rate was varied as 15 and 30 PSI and water cooling was applied with 75 ml/min one after another. Weld properties of assisted approaches were compared with normal FSW on the scale of macrostructure and microstructure analysis, tensile testing, and microhardness properties. The obtained results reveal that the normal FSW of dissimilar copper to stainless steel joint was observed as superior relative to assisted approaches. Surface oxides were observed for the welds of heating-assisted FSW and cooling-assisted FSW of compressed air. Elimination of surface oxides was noted for FSW assisted by water cooling. Highest tensile strength was reported for normal FSW relative to heating-assisted FSW and cooling-assisted FSW. Tensile strength was deteriorated as cooling conditions increase. The microstructures of the stir zone were observed as metal matrix type with Cu matrix and SS particles, wherein SS particles were reported as in random distribution with its varying size. Major defects were reported around the largely dispersed SS particles inside Cu matrix. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis Springer Journals

Microstructures and Properties of Copper to Stainless Steel Joints by Hybrid FSW

Loading next page...
Springer US
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and ASM International
Materials Science; Metallic Materials; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Structural Materials; Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films; Nanotechnology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial