Microstructural model in COMSOL packages with simulation to aging behavior of paper materials

Microstructural model in COMSOL packages with simulation to aging behavior of paper materials The moisture-induced degradations during the use of paper are of growing concern for the existing paper materials stored in libraries, archives and museums. Knowing the moisture profiles is therefore a primary step in order to understand paper deterioration and give an assessment of degradation rate of library collections in their preservation. In this paper, the theoretical models based on 2-D scanning electron microscope real image microstructure were established for describing moisture transport in paper sheet in response with external humidity and the moisture diffusion profiles. The acid-catalyzed hydrolysis kinetic in combination with moisture diffusion theory gave the complementary explanation for the time-dependent natural aging process of a paper sheet and book stacks. The differential equations were solved by a numerical approach based on the finite element method implemented in commercial COMSOL Multiphysics. The 2-D simulation results, with a mesh based directly on SEM characterization of microstructure, could show the equilibrium moisture contents and the degradation rates as a function of relative humidity in cellulose pores and cellulose fibers across the transverse section of paper. For the stacks composed of books, the air gaps between the books provided convenient channels for diffusion and transport, accelerating the moisture transport process in the book stacks. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cellulose Springer Journals

Microstructural model in COMSOL packages with simulation to aging behavior of paper materials

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature
Subject
Chemistry; Bioorganic Chemistry; Physical Chemistry; Organic Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials; Sustainable Development
ISSN
0969-0239
eISSN
1572-882X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10570-018-1682-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The moisture-induced degradations during the use of paper are of growing concern for the existing paper materials stored in libraries, archives and museums. Knowing the moisture profiles is therefore a primary step in order to understand paper deterioration and give an assessment of degradation rate of library collections in their preservation. In this paper, the theoretical models based on 2-D scanning electron microscope real image microstructure were established for describing moisture transport in paper sheet in response with external humidity and the moisture diffusion profiles. The acid-catalyzed hydrolysis kinetic in combination with moisture diffusion theory gave the complementary explanation for the time-dependent natural aging process of a paper sheet and book stacks. The differential equations were solved by a numerical approach based on the finite element method implemented in commercial COMSOL Multiphysics. The 2-D simulation results, with a mesh based directly on SEM characterization of microstructure, could show the equilibrium moisture contents and the degradation rates as a function of relative humidity in cellulose pores and cellulose fibers across the transverse section of paper. For the stacks composed of books, the air gaps between the books provided convenient channels for diffusion and transport, accelerating the moisture transport process in the book stacks.

Journal

CelluloseSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 7, 2018

References

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