Accumulating evidences suggest that neuroinflammation is a pathological hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD), a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). MicroRNAs have been recently recognized as crucial regulators of inflammatory responses. Here, we found significant downregulation of microRNA-30e (miR-30e) in SNpc of MPTP-induced PD mice. Next, we employed miR-30e agomir to upregulate miR-30e expression in MPTP-treated mice. Our results showed that delivery of miR-30e agomir remarkably improved motor behavioral deficits and neuronal activity, and inhibited the loss of dopamine neurons. Moreover, the increased α-synuclein protein expression in SNpc of MPTP-PD mice was alleviated by the upregulation of miR-30e. Further, miR-30e agomir administration also attenuated the marked increase of inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, COX-2, iNOS, and restored the decreased secretion of BDNF in SNpc. In addition, we demonstrated for the first time that miR-30e directly targeted to Nlrp3, thus suppressing Nlrp3 mRNA and protein expression. Finally, miR-30e upregulation significantly inhibited the activation of Nlrp3 inflammasome as evident from the decreased Nlrp3, Caspase-1 and ASC expressions and IL-18 and IL-1β secretions. Taken together, our study demonstrates that miR-30e ameliorates neuroinflammation in the MPTP model of PD by decreasing Nlrp3 inflammasome activity. These findings suggesting that miR30e may be a key inflammation-mediated molecule that could be a potential target for PD therapeutics.
Human Cell – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 22, 2017
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