Microreactors as the new way of intensification of heterogeneous processes

Microreactors as the new way of intensification of heterogeneous processes Microstructure reactors (microreactors) in recent decades became one of the most actively studied subjects of the reaction equipment aimed at intensification of chemical processes and increase in their safety. It is not surprising because due to miniature dimensions of microstructures which do not exceed 2 mm microreactors contribute to minimization of the material at their production as well as raw material and energy in the process of exploitation. Moreover, due to acceleration of heat and mass transfer the productivity of equipment with microreactors in a range of cases is significantly higher than classical batch reactors applied in industry. The brief overview of the modern development and achievements of microreactor technology is given in this article by an example of heterogeneous reaction systems which are different by their nature and occur in different types of microreactors: phase-transfer catalysis, biocatalysis, and synthesis of nanoparticles. A special attention in the article is paid to the aspects of intensification of the considered processes because exactly the possibility of intensification makes microreactor technology attractive for the industry. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Microreactors as the new way of intensification of heterogeneous processes

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Chemistry; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Chemistry/Food Science, general
ISSN
1070-4272
eISSN
1608-3296
D.O.I.
10.1134/S107042721106036X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Microstructure reactors (microreactors) in recent decades became one of the most actively studied subjects of the reaction equipment aimed at intensification of chemical processes and increase in their safety. It is not surprising because due to miniature dimensions of microstructures which do not exceed 2 mm microreactors contribute to minimization of the material at their production as well as raw material and energy in the process of exploitation. Moreover, due to acceleration of heat and mass transfer the productivity of equipment with microreactors in a range of cases is significantly higher than classical batch reactors applied in industry. The brief overview of the modern development and achievements of microreactor technology is given in this article by an example of heterogeneous reaction systems which are different by their nature and occur in different types of microreactors: phase-transfer catalysis, biocatalysis, and synthesis of nanoparticles. A special attention in the article is paid to the aspects of intensification of the considered processes because exactly the possibility of intensification makes microreactor technology attractive for the industry.

Journal

Russian Journal of Applied ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 16, 2011

References

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