Micropropagation of Asparagus macrorrhizus, a Spanish endemic species in extreme extinction risk

Micropropagation of Asparagus macrorrhizus, a Spanish endemic species in extreme extinction risk Asparagus macrorrhizus: is a new species, which has been recently described. It is limited to the area surrounding the “Mar Menor” lagoon, in Murcia (Spain), and is the only “Critically Endangered” species of the genus Asparagus. Despite being protected, the number of plants has decreased in the last years due to the urbanization of its natural habitat. This species is a valuable genetic resource for asparagus breeding because of its special characteristics. So, the development of a micropropagation protocol is crucial to its conservation and use in breeding programs. The micropropagation protocol from asparagus rhizome buds previously developed by our research group has been adapted for A. macrorrhizus. Rhizome buds of A. macrorrhizus were extracted, disinfected, and then cultured on Asparagus Rhizome Bud Medium (ARBM) consisting of MS medium supplemented with 0.3 mg l− 1 NAA, 0.1 mg l− 1 KIN, 2 mg l− 1 ancymidol and 6% sucrose. A percentage of 69.7 ± 8.0% of the rhizome buds developed shoots, but only 17.4 ± 7.9% of them rooted. To increase this low rooting rate, the shoots were cultured on Macrorrhizus Rooting Media (MRM) supplemented with three different concentrations of IBA. The highest rooting rate (55.0 ± 7.9%) was reached when shoots were incubated in MRM-2 consisting of MS medium supplemented with 2 mg l− 1 IBA and 4% sucrose. The acclimatization rate of the micropropagated plantlets was 90%. The method developed in this study allows the micropropagation of A. macrorrhizus, offering a new option to preserve this almost extinct species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture Springer Journals

Micropropagation of Asparagus macrorrhizus, a Spanish endemic species in extreme extinction risk

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Genetics and Genomics; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-6857
eISSN
1573-5044
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11240-017-1346-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Asparagus macrorrhizus: is a new species, which has been recently described. It is limited to the area surrounding the “Mar Menor” lagoon, in Murcia (Spain), and is the only “Critically Endangered” species of the genus Asparagus. Despite being protected, the number of plants has decreased in the last years due to the urbanization of its natural habitat. This species is a valuable genetic resource for asparagus breeding because of its special characteristics. So, the development of a micropropagation protocol is crucial to its conservation and use in breeding programs. The micropropagation protocol from asparagus rhizome buds previously developed by our research group has been adapted for A. macrorrhizus. Rhizome buds of A. macrorrhizus were extracted, disinfected, and then cultured on Asparagus Rhizome Bud Medium (ARBM) consisting of MS medium supplemented with 0.3 mg l− 1 NAA, 0.1 mg l− 1 KIN, 2 mg l− 1 ancymidol and 6% sucrose. A percentage of 69.7 ± 8.0% of the rhizome buds developed shoots, but only 17.4 ± 7.9% of them rooted. To increase this low rooting rate, the shoots were cultured on Macrorrhizus Rooting Media (MRM) supplemented with three different concentrations of IBA. The highest rooting rate (55.0 ± 7.9%) was reached when shoots were incubated in MRM-2 consisting of MS medium supplemented with 2 mg l− 1 IBA and 4% sucrose. The acclimatization rate of the micropropagated plantlets was 90%. The method developed in this study allows the micropropagation of A. macrorrhizus, offering a new option to preserve this almost extinct species.

Journal

Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ CultureSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 15, 2017

References

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