mHealth for the Detection and Intervention in Adolescent and Young Adult Substance Use Disorder

mHealth for the Detection and Intervention in Adolescent and Young Adult Substance Use Disorder Purpose of Review The goal of this review is to highlight recent research in mHealth-based approaches to the detection and treatment of substance use disorders in adolescents and young adults. Recent Findings The main methods for mHealth-based detection include mobile phone-based self-report tools, GPS tracking, and wearable sensors. Wearables can be used to detect physiologic changes (e.g., heart rate, electrodermal activity) or biochem- ical contents of analytes (i.e., alcohol in sweat) with reasonable accuracy, but larger studies are needed. Detection methods have been combined with interventions based on mindfulness, education, incentives/goals, and motivation. Few studies have focused specifically on the young adult population, although those that did indicate high rates of utilization and acceptance. Summary Research that explores the pairing of advanced detection methods such as wearables with real-time intervention strategies is crucial to realizing the full potential of mHealth in this population. . . . . . Keywords Substance use disorder Technology mHealth Treatment Young adults Wearables Introduction people’s lifestyle to assess and treat SUD in ways that tradi- tional treatment approaches often fail to achieve. The staggering prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) in Technology-based approaches broadly refer to diagnostic the young adult population [1] has createdanurgentneedfor http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Addiction Reports Springer Journals

mHealth for the Detection and Intervention in Adolescent and Young Adult Substance Use Disorder

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Neurology
eISSN
2196-2952
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40429-018-0192-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review The goal of this review is to highlight recent research in mHealth-based approaches to the detection and treatment of substance use disorders in adolescents and young adults. Recent Findings The main methods for mHealth-based detection include mobile phone-based self-report tools, GPS tracking, and wearable sensors. Wearables can be used to detect physiologic changes (e.g., heart rate, electrodermal activity) or biochem- ical contents of analytes (i.e., alcohol in sweat) with reasonable accuracy, but larger studies are needed. Detection methods have been combined with interventions based on mindfulness, education, incentives/goals, and motivation. Few studies have focused specifically on the young adult population, although those that did indicate high rates of utilization and acceptance. Summary Research that explores the pairing of advanced detection methods such as wearables with real-time intervention strategies is crucial to realizing the full potential of mHealth in this population. . . . . . Keywords Substance use disorder Technology mHealth Treatment Young adults Wearables Introduction people’s lifestyle to assess and treat SUD in ways that tradi- tional treatment approaches often fail to achieve. The staggering prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) in Technology-based approaches broadly refer to diagnostic the young adult population [1] has createdanurgentneedfor

Journal

Current Addiction ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 15, 2018

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