Methylation profile of group of miRNA genes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma and their involvement in cancer progression

Methylation profile of group of miRNA genes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma and their... MicroRNA regulates gene expression, is involved in many cellular processes, and plays an important role in the development of cancer. The regulation of the expression of miRNA genes can be achieved by methylating their CpG islands, which is shown in different types of tumors. The methylation of miRNA genes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) has mainly been studied for the miR-9 and miR-34 families. The methylation of six miRNA genes (miR-124a-2, -124a-3, -9-1, -9-3, -34b/c, -129-2) was analyzed with using a representative sample (46 cases). Methylation of three genes miR -124a-2, -124a-3, and -129-2 was studied in kidney tumors for the first time. Methylation analysis was performed using methyl specific PCR. It is shown that the frequency of methylation of six genes was changed from 37% to 65% in tumor samples and significantly higher in tumor samples than in samples of histologically normal tissue (P ≤ 3 × 10−5 by Fisher’s exact test). These results suggest the properties of tumor suppressors for the six miRNA genes indicated in CCRCC. We also found correlations between the methylation frequency of some miRNA genes and signs of the progression of CCRCC (tumor size, clinical stage, loss of differentiation, and metastasis). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Methylation profile of group of miRNA genes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma and their involvement in cancer progression

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795413030034
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

MicroRNA regulates gene expression, is involved in many cellular processes, and plays an important role in the development of cancer. The regulation of the expression of miRNA genes can be achieved by methylating their CpG islands, which is shown in different types of tumors. The methylation of miRNA genes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) has mainly been studied for the miR-9 and miR-34 families. The methylation of six miRNA genes (miR-124a-2, -124a-3, -9-1, -9-3, -34b/c, -129-2) was analyzed with using a representative sample (46 cases). Methylation of three genes miR -124a-2, -124a-3, and -129-2 was studied in kidney tumors for the first time. Methylation analysis was performed using methyl specific PCR. It is shown that the frequency of methylation of six genes was changed from 37% to 65% in tumor samples and significantly higher in tumor samples than in samples of histologically normal tissue (P ≤ 3 × 10−5 by Fisher’s exact test). These results suggest the properties of tumor suppressors for the six miRNA genes indicated in CCRCC. We also found correlations between the methylation frequency of some miRNA genes and signs of the progression of CCRCC (tumor size, clinical stage, loss of differentiation, and metastasis).

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 26, 2013

References

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