Methylation of the Opaque2 box in zein genes is parent-dependent and affects O2 DNA binding activity invitro

Methylation of the Opaque2 box in zein genes is parent-dependent and affects O2 DNA binding... In the maize endosperm, the expression of the subfamily 4 (SF4) of the zein genes is under the transcriptional control of the Opaque2 (O2) basic leucine zipper transcriptional activator, which binds to the O2-box 5′-TCCACGTAGA-3′. Southern experiments showed that the O2-box core sequence ACGT is heavily methylated in sporophytic tissues but becomes hypomethylated in the endosperm. DNA analyses of two inbred lines and their reciprocal crosses indicate that the hypomethylation state is established on the maternal complements of the endosperm. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and southwestern experiments with endosperm protein extracts and recombinant O2 using oligonucleotides with methylated and unmethylated cytosines in the O2-box indicate an inhibitory effect of modified sequences on O2-binding activity. These results suggest that DNA methylation modulates O2 activity in vivo and shed light on molecular mechanisms involved in the parent-dependent zein gene expression in maize endosperm. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Methylation of the Opaque2 box in zein genes is parent-dependent and affects O2 DNA binding activity invitro

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1010686721797
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In the maize endosperm, the expression of the subfamily 4 (SF4) of the zein genes is under the transcriptional control of the Opaque2 (O2) basic leucine zipper transcriptional activator, which binds to the O2-box 5′-TCCACGTAGA-3′. Southern experiments showed that the O2-box core sequence ACGT is heavily methylated in sporophytic tissues but becomes hypomethylated in the endosperm. DNA analyses of two inbred lines and their reciprocal crosses indicate that the hypomethylation state is established on the maternal complements of the endosperm. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and southwestern experiments with endosperm protein extracts and recombinant O2 using oligonucleotides with methylated and unmethylated cytosines in the O2-box indicate an inhibitory effect of modified sequences on O2-binding activity. These results suggest that DNA methylation modulates O2 activity in vivo and shed light on molecular mechanisms involved in the parent-dependent zein gene expression in maize endosperm.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

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