Methamphetamine-induced toxic leukoencephalopathy: clinical, radiological and autopsy findings

Methamphetamine-induced toxic leukoencephalopathy: clinical, radiological and autopsy findings Toxic leukoencephalopathy represents a process of structural alteration of the white matter. It is caused by substance abuse including drugs such as heroin, cocaine, toluene and ethanol. We reported the clinical, radiological and autopsy findings of a rare case of toxic leukoencephalopathy following chronic methamphetamine (MA) usage. A 34-year-old man with a 3-year history of MA abuse experienced progressive sluggish state, limb weakness, inability to stand and eating disorders, followed by rapid progression to coma and death. Imaging revealed hypodense CT and long T1 and T2 signals in MRI in the white matter of the bilateral periventricular and centrum semiovale regions. Histologically, white matter rarefaction, loss of myelin and axonal injury were observed. This pattern of clinical presentation, radiological manifestations and histological findings show a certain degree of particularity in toxic leukoencephalopathy. Clinically, the condition may be easily misdiagnosed as withdrawal symptoms. In suspected cases, MRI is recommended for diagnosis. The case reported here reminds clinicians and forensic pathologist of the possibility of toxic leukoencephalopathy related to MA abuse. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png "Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology" Springer Journals

Methamphetamine-induced toxic leukoencephalopathy: clinical, radiological and autopsy findings

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/methamphetamine-induced-toxic-leukoencephalopathy-clinical-FsYJZYRhxK
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pathology; Forensic Medicine; Criminology and Criminal Justice, general
ISSN
1547-769X
eISSN
1556-2891
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12024-017-9893-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Toxic leukoencephalopathy represents a process of structural alteration of the white matter. It is caused by substance abuse including drugs such as heroin, cocaine, toluene and ethanol. We reported the clinical, radiological and autopsy findings of a rare case of toxic leukoencephalopathy following chronic methamphetamine (MA) usage. A 34-year-old man with a 3-year history of MA abuse experienced progressive sluggish state, limb weakness, inability to stand and eating disorders, followed by rapid progression to coma and death. Imaging revealed hypodense CT and long T1 and T2 signals in MRI in the white matter of the bilateral periventricular and centrum semiovale regions. Histologically, white matter rarefaction, loss of myelin and axonal injury were observed. This pattern of clinical presentation, radiological manifestations and histological findings show a certain degree of particularity in toxic leukoencephalopathy. Clinically, the condition may be easily misdiagnosed as withdrawal symptoms. In suspected cases, MRI is recommended for diagnosis. The case reported here reminds clinicians and forensic pathologist of the possibility of toxic leukoencephalopathy related to MA abuse.

Journal

"Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology"Springer Journals

Published: Jul 6, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off