Metal oxide-modified ZnO /SiO2 catalysts were studied for the cyclo-dehydrogenation of ethylenediamine with propyleneglycol to 2-methylpyrazine at 633 K. The ZnO/SiO2 catalyst showed fairly good ethylenediamine conversion and quantitative propyleneglycol conversion with about 60 mol% of 2-methylpyrazine selectivity, which is due to the existence of large amount of unconverted intermediate, 2-methylpiperazine. Metal oxide (CuO, NiO, Co3O4)-modified ZnO/SiO2 catalysts were prepared to facilitate the dehydrogenation of 2-methylpiperazine to 2-methylpyrazine. About 82 mol% of 2-methylpyrazine selectivity was achieved on CuO and Co3O4 modified ZnO/SiO2 catalysts, with significant increases of pyrazine selectivity. The catalytic properties of the metal oxidemodified ZnO/SiO2 catalysts, pretreated with hydrogen gas as in the cyclo-dehydrogenation, were compared using the well-known probe reaction, the dehydrogenation/ dehydration of cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone or phenol/cyclohexene. The selectivities of pyrazine in the cyclo-dehydrogenation on the metal oxide-modified ZnO/SiO2 catalysts were correlated with the phenol selectivities of the probe reaction. It is proposed that the metallic site of catalyst is responsible for the formation of pyrazine from ethylenediamine dimerization. The improved 2-methylpyrazine yield on CuO/ZnO/SiO2 catalyst was explained by the proper adjustment of catalytic properties, which could be differentiated by the phenol selectivity in the cyclohexanol probe reaction. Thus, the large enhancement of 2-methylpiperazine dehydrogenation to 2-methylpyrazine and the suppression of excess pyrazine formation are supposed to occur on the metallic Cu formed in situ during the reaction during the cyclo-dehydrogenation of ethylenediamine with propyleneglycol.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 17, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera