Introduction Endometrial cancer (EC) is associated with metabolic disturbances including obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Identifying metabolite biomarkers for EC detection has a crucial role in reducing morbidity and mortality. Objective To determine whether metabolomic based biomarkers can detect EC overall and early-stage EC. Methods We performed NMR and mass spectrometry based metabolomic analyses of serum in EC cases versus controls. A total of 46 early-stage (FIGO stages I–II) and 10 late-stage (FIGO stages III–IV) EC cases constituted the study group. A total of 60 unaffected control samples were used. Patients and controls were divided randomly into a discovery group (n = 69) and an independent validation group (n = 47). Predictive algorithms based on biomarkers and demographic characteristics were generated using logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 181 metabolites were evaluated. Extensive changes in metabolite levels were noted in the EC versus the control group. The combination of C14:2, phosphatidylcholine with acyl-alkyl residue sum C38:1 (PCae C38:1) and 3-hydroxybutyric acid had an area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) (95% CI) = 0.826 (0.706–0.946) and a sensitivity = 82.6%, and specificity = 70.8% for EC overall. For early EC prediction: BMI, C14:2 and PC ae C40:1
Metabolomics – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 2017
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