The metabolism of 14C-glycine (a substrate for photorespiration) was studied in the light and in darkness under natural CO2 concentration (0.03%) in the leaves of ephemeroides Scilla sibirica Haw. and Ficaria verna Huds. at different developmental stages. Using one and the same sample, potential photosynthesis (at 1% CO2), true photosynthesis (at 0.03% CO2), and leaf respiratory capacity were measured by the radiometric and manometric methods, respectively. All measurements were performed at 15°C, an average temperature during ephemer growth. It was found that, in the white zone of the Scilla leaf, the rate of CO2 evolution resulting from metabolization of exogenous 14C-glycine was similar in the light and in darkness. In the green zone of the Scilla leaf and in the green leaf of Ficaria, both 14C-glycine absorption and 14CO2 evolution were lower in the light as compared with darkness, which is explained by CO2 reassimilation. In all treatments of both plant species, a specific inhibitor of glycine decarboxylase complex (GDC), aminoacetonitrile (5 mM) suppressed CO2 evolution by 20–40%. It was concluded that in ephemeroides mitochondrial GDC, responsible for CO2 evolution in photorespiration, is formed at the earliest stage of leaf development. This indicates that photorespiration can occur simultaneously with the development of the leaf photosynthetic activity. On the basis of the assumption that carbon losses in the form of CO2 evolved during photorespiration comprise 25% of true photosynthesis, it was calculated that, in ephemer leaves, the highest rates of photorespiration and photosynthesis were attained during flowering when the leaf area was the largest and the rate of dark respiration was reduced by 1.5–2.0 times. The highest rates of dark respiration were observed in the beginning of growth. In senescing leaves by the end of the plant vegetation, potential photosynthesis and true photosynthesis were reduced, whereas dark respiration remained essentially unchanged. It is concluded that the high rates of potential and true photosynthesis are characteristic of ephemeroides when they complete their short developmental program in early spring (at 15°C); theoretically, photorespiration also occurs at a high rate during this period, when this process provides for a defense against the threat of photoinhibition at low temperature and high insolation.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 18, 2011
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera