Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the lipid and glycemic profiles of patients up to 10 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Method A retrospective, longitudinal study was conducted at a multidisciplinary center for the treatment of obesity in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The study included 150 patients submitted to unbanded laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The metabolic profile included total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides, and fasting glucose. The patients were examined before and 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 months after surgery. Statistical analyses included the generalized estimating equations (GEE) and the Wilcoxon test at a significance level of 5%. Results All postoperative fasting glucose, total cholesterol, and triglyceride (p < 0.0001) test results were significantly lower than the preoperative test results. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) differed significantly in all but the 120-month follow-up (p = 0.0129). High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) was significantly higher 12, 24, 48, and 72 months after surgery (p < 0.001) and also 120 months after surgery (p = 0.0002). Conclusion Gastric bypass promoted the control of metabolic diseases inherent to obesity as long as 10 years after surgery. . . . Keywords Gastric bypass Metabolic changes Lipid
Obesity Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 12, 2017
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