This study deals with effects of hypertonic sucrose solutions on respiration and oxidative phosphorylation of intact mitochondria isolated from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) taproots and etiolated pea (Pisum sativum L.) seedlings. Mitochondria from plants, like those of animals, showed a trend to inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation in hypertonic sucrose solutions. The increase in sucrose concentration from 0.5 to 1.0 M suppressed malate oxidation in the presence of glutamate in state 3 by a factor of 2.5–3.5 and diminished the respiratory control ratio by a factor of 1.5–2.0. Plant mitochondria turned out remarkably resistant to osmotic stress; they retained significant respiratory control and high ADP/O ratios in a hypertonic 1 M sucrose solution. Although the origin of the observed phenomenon remains unresolved and warrants further studies, it is evident that elevated resistance of plant mitochondria to osmotic stress might be significant for energy supply under extreme environmental conditions (upon drought and salinity) when the plant organism experiences dehydration with a concomitant increase in the cytoplasmic osmolarity.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 15, 2008
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