Mesophyll-specific, light and metabolic regulation of the C4 PPCZm1 promoter in transgenic maize

Mesophyll-specific, light and metabolic regulation of the C4 PPCZm1 promoter in transgenic maize To play an essential role in C4 photosynthesis, the maize C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase gene (PPCZm1) acquired many new expression features, such as leaf specificity, mesophyll specificity, light inducibility and high activity, that distinguish the unique C4 PPC from numerous non-C4 PPC genes in maize. We present here the first investigation of the developmental, cell-specific, light and metabolic regulation of the homologous C4 PPCZm1 promoter in stable transgenic maize plants. We demonstrate that the 1.7 kb of the 5′-flanking region of the PPCZm1 gene is sufficient to direct the C4-specific expression patterns of β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity, as a reporter, in stable transformed maize plants. In light-grown shoots, GUS expression was strongest in all developing and mature mesophyll cells in the leaf, collar and sheath. GUS activity was also detected in mesophyll cells in the outer husks of ear shoots and in the outer glumes of staminate spikelets. We did not observe histological localization of GUS activity in light- or dark-grown callus, roots, silk, developing or mature kernels, the shoot apex, prop roots, or pollen. In addition, we used the stable expressing transformants to conduct and quantify physiological induction studies. Our results indicate that the expression of the C4 PPCZm1-GUS fusion gene is mesophyll-specific and influenced by development, light, glucose, acetate and chloroplast biogenesis in transgenic maize plants. These studies suggest that the adoption of DNA regulatory elements for C4-specific gene expression is a crucial step in C4 gene evolution. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Mesophyll-specific, light and metabolic regulation of the C4 PPCZm1 promoter in transgenic maize

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/mesophyll-specific-light-and-metabolic-regulation-of-the-c4-ppczm1-cFOvTsEmlP
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006487326533
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To play an essential role in C4 photosynthesis, the maize C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase gene (PPCZm1) acquired many new expression features, such as leaf specificity, mesophyll specificity, light inducibility and high activity, that distinguish the unique C4 PPC from numerous non-C4 PPC genes in maize. We present here the first investigation of the developmental, cell-specific, light and metabolic regulation of the homologous C4 PPCZm1 promoter in stable transgenic maize plants. We demonstrate that the 1.7 kb of the 5′-flanking region of the PPCZm1 gene is sufficient to direct the C4-specific expression patterns of β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity, as a reporter, in stable transformed maize plants. In light-grown shoots, GUS expression was strongest in all developing and mature mesophyll cells in the leaf, collar and sheath. GUS activity was also detected in mesophyll cells in the outer husks of ear shoots and in the outer glumes of staminate spikelets. We did not observe histological localization of GUS activity in light- or dark-grown callus, roots, silk, developing or mature kernels, the shoot apex, prop roots, or pollen. In addition, we used the stable expressing transformants to conduct and quantify physiological induction studies. Our results indicate that the expression of the C4 PPCZm1-GUS fusion gene is mesophyll-specific and influenced by development, light, glucose, acetate and chloroplast biogenesis in transgenic maize plants. These studies suggest that the adoption of DNA regulatory elements for C4-specific gene expression is a crucial step in C4 gene evolution.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off