Meristem as a Self-Renewing System: Maintenance and Cessation of Cell Proliferation (A Review)

Meristem as a Self-Renewing System: Maintenance and Cessation of Cell Proliferation (A Review) The mechanisms of the maintenance of long-term cell proliferation and its cessation in the meristem of the growing root were analyzed. Quiescent center (QC) remains in the meristem for a long time, whereas all other cells leave the meristem after several mitotic cycles. The question arises as to what extent such organization of proliferation corresponds to the concept of stem cells elaborated for animals. The definition of animal stem cells is met by the QC cells rather than by actively dividing cells that boundary it. However, QC is not a self-maintaining population of cells originated during early stages of embryogenesis; it is formed from dividing cells in the main or lateral root. After root decapitation, the QC can arise from the cells that normally would leave the meristem before long. There is a zone of the meristem whose cells are capable of remaining and forming QC after the removal of the apical part of the root. Maintenance of the size of the meristem depends on the interaction between QC, initial cells located at its surface, and the actively dividing cells. Apparently, the life span of cells in the meristem determines the time when the meristematic cell will begin the elongation. The number of cells starting the elongation depends on proliferation rate and on the changes in life span of meristematic cells which determine their initial number. The life span of the cells in the meristem for most actively dividing cells does not depend on the cell divisions, and remains unchanged in the presence of various inhibitors. As a result of inhibited proliferation in the main part of the meristem, cell divisions in the QC are activated and newly formed cells may proceed to rapid divisions. Thus, the size of the meristem is maintained by the operation of several mechanisms, and individual processes may be, on the one hand, relatively independent and, on the other hand, regulated either by feedback or directly. As a result, the root growth becomes resistant to various external events. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Meristem as a Self-Renewing System: Maintenance and Cessation of Cell Proliferation (A Review)

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial