We used patch-clamp techniques and A6 distal nephron cells as a model to determine how cholesterol regulates the renal epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). We found that luminal methyl-β-cyclodextrin (mβCD, a cholesterol scavenger) did not acutely affect ENaC activity at a previously used concentration of 10 mm but significantly decreased ENaC activity both when the cell membrane was stretched and at a higher concentration of 50 mm. Luminal cholesterol had no effect on ENaC activity at a concentration of 50 μg/ml but significantly increased ENaC activity both when the cell membrane was stretched and at a higher concentration of 200 μg/ml. Confocal microscopy data indicate that membrane tension facilitates both mβCD extraction of cholesterol and A6 cell uptake of exogenous cholesterol. Together with previous findings that cholesterol in the apical membrane is tightly packed with sphingolipids and that stretch can affect lipid distribution, our data suggest that membrane tension modulates the effects of mβCD and cholesterol on ENaC activity, probably by facilitating both extraction and enrichment of apical cholesterol.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 19, 2007
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera