These experiments were done to determine the effect of glibenclamide and diazoxide on the growth of human bladder carcinoma (HTB-9) cells in vitro. Cell growth was assayed by cell counts, protein accumulation, and 3H-thymidine uptake. Glibenclamide added at 75 and 150 μm for 48 hr reduced cell proliferation. Dose-inhibition curves showed that glibenclamide added for 48 hr reduced cell growth at concentrations as low as 1 μm (IC50= 73 μm) when growth was assayed in the absence of added serum. This μM-effect on cell growth was in agreement with the dose range in which glibenclamide decreased open probability of membrane KATP channels. Addition of glibenclamide for 48 hr also altered the distribution of cells within stages of the cell cycle as determined by flow cytometry using 10−5 m bromodeoxyuridine. Glibenclamide (100 μm) increased the percentage of cells in G0/G1 from 33.6% (vehicle control) to 38.3% (P < 0.05), and it reduced the percentage of cells in S phase from 38.3% to 30.6%. On the other hand, diazoxide, which opens membrane KATP channels in HTB-9 cells, stimulated growth measured by protein accumulation, but it did not increase the cell number. We conclude that the sulfonylurea receptor and the corresponding membrane KATP channel are involved in mechanisms controlling HTB-9 cell growth. However, KATP is not rate-limiting among the signaling mechanisms or molecular switches that regulate the cell cycle.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 1998
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