These experiments were conducted to determine the membrane K+ currents and channels in human urinary bladder (HTB-9) carcinoma cells in vitro. K+ currents and channel activity were assessed by the whole-cell voltage clamp and by either inside-out or outside-out patch clamp recordings. Cell depolarization resulted in activation of a Ca2+-dependent outward K+ current, 0.57 ± 0.13 nS/pF at −70 mV holding potential and 3.10 ± 0.15 nS/pF at 30 mV holding potential. Corresponding patch clamp measurements demonstrated a Ca2+-activated, voltage-dependent K+ channel (KCa) of 214 ± 3.0 pS. Scorpion venom peptides, charybdotoxin (ChTx) and iberiotoxin (IbTx), inhibited both the activated current and the KCa activity. In addition, on-cell patch recordings demonstrated an inwardly rectifying K+ channel, 21 ± 1 pS at positive transmembrane potential (V m ) and 145 ± 13 pS at negative V m . Glibenclamide (50 μm), Ba2+ (1 mm) and quinine (100 μm) each inhibited the corresponding nonactivated, basal whole-cell current. Moreover, glibenclamide inhibited K+ channels in inside/out patches in a dose-dependent manner, and the IC50= 46 μm. The identity of this K+ channel with an ATP-sensitive K+ channel (KATP) was confirmed by its inhibition with ATP (2 mm) and by its activation with diazoxide (100 μm). We conclude that plasma membranes of HTB-9 cells contain the KCa and a lower conductance K+ channel with properties consistent with a sulfonylurea receptor-linked KATP.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 1998
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