Membrane Lipids Determine the Antibiotic Activity of the Lantibiotic Gallidermin

Membrane Lipids Determine the Antibiotic Activity of the Lantibiotic Gallidermin Lantibiotics, a group of lanthionine-containing peptides, display their antibiotic activity by combining different killing mechanisms within one molecule. The prototype lantibiotic nisin was shown to possess both inhibition of peptidoglycan synthesis and pore formation in bacterial membranes by interacting with lipid II. Gallidermin, which shares the lipid II binding motif with nisin but has a shorter molecular length, differed from nisin in pore formation in several strains of bacteria. To simulate the mode of action, we applied cyclic voltammetry and quartz crystal microbalance to correlate pore formation with lipid II binding kinetics of gallidermin in model membranes. The inability of gallidermin to form pores in DOPC (1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) (C18/1) and DPoPC (1,2-dipalmitoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) (C16/1) membranes was related to the membrane thickness. For a better simulation of bacterial membrane characteristics, two different phospholipids with branched fatty acids were incorporated into the DPoPC matrix. Phospholipids with methyl branches in the middle of the fatty acid chains favored a lipid II–independent DPoPC permeabilization by gallidermin, while long-branched phospholipids in which the branch is placed near the hydrophilic region induced an identical lipid II–dependent pore formation of gallidermin and nisin. Obviously, the branched lipids altered lipid packing and reduced the membrane thickness. Therefore, the duality of gallidermin activity (pore formation and inhibition of the cell wall synthesis) seems to be balanced by the bacterial membrane composition. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Membrane Lipids Determine the Antibiotic Activity of the Lantibiotic Gallidermin

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/membrane-lipids-determine-the-antibiotic-activity-of-the-lantibiotic-RaVuBdbJsX
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-008-9134-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial