Mefloquine Effects on the Lens Suggest Cooperative Gating of Gap Junction Channels

Mefloquine Effects on the Lens Suggest Cooperative Gating of Gap Junction Channels Mefloquine (MFQ) selectively blocks exogenously expressed gap junction channels composed of C×50 but not C×46. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate MFQ effects on wild-type (WT) mouse lenses that express both C×50 and C×46 in their outer shell of differentiating fibers (DFs). Lenses in which C×46 was knocked into both C×50 alleles (KI) were used as controls; MFQ had no effect on coupling in these lenses. When WT lenses were exposed to MFQ, the DF coupling conductance decreased significantly, suggesting that C×50 contributes about 57% of the coupling conductance in DF and C×46 contributes 43%. Remarkably, in the presence of MFQ, the 43% of the channels that remained open did not gate closed in response to a reduction in pH, whereas in the absence of MFQ, the same pH change caused all the DF channels to gate closed. Since MFQ is a selective blocker of C×50 channels, it appears that C×46 channels lack pH-mediated gating in the absence of functional C×50 channels but are pH-sensitive in the presence of C×50 channels. These results suggest the two types of channels interact and gate cooperatively. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Mefloquine Effects on the Lens Suggest Cooperative Gating of Gap Junction Channels

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-006-0021-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mefloquine (MFQ) selectively blocks exogenously expressed gap junction channels composed of C×50 but not C×46. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate MFQ effects on wild-type (WT) mouse lenses that express both C×50 and C×46 in their outer shell of differentiating fibers (DFs). Lenses in which C×46 was knocked into both C×50 alleles (KI) were used as controls; MFQ had no effect on coupling in these lenses. When WT lenses were exposed to MFQ, the DF coupling conductance decreased significantly, suggesting that C×50 contributes about 57% of the coupling conductance in DF and C×46 contributes 43%. Remarkably, in the presence of MFQ, the 43% of the channels that remained open did not gate closed in response to a reduction in pH, whereas in the absence of MFQ, the same pH change caused all the DF channels to gate closed. Since MFQ is a selective blocker of C×50 channels, it appears that C×46 channels lack pH-mediated gating in the absence of functional C×50 channels but are pH-sensitive in the presence of C×50 channels. These results suggest the two types of channels interact and gate cooperatively.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 7, 2006

References

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