Purpose of Review Over the past 10 years, there has been a genesis of FGIDs, it is likely that the compounds available dramatic increase in basic and clinical research involving in the medical food category will increase dramatically, and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). New diagnostic they could play an important role in the management of sev- and biomarker procedures are helping to identify physiologic eral common and bothersome gastrointestinal conditions in disruptions associated with FGIDs on cellular and molecular the future. levels. Simultaneously, clinicians are using new approaches to . . help manage patients with FGIDs. Among these, an important Keywords Irritable bowel syndrome Functional dyspepsia . . component of care has been the use of medical foods. These Peppermint oil Serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin include probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, peppermint oil, car- STW-5 Medical foods away oil, curcumin, bovine immunoglobulin and many others. Recent Findings The putative effects of different medical foods make these therapies attractive for the management of Introduction FGIDs. These include effects on several pathophysiological mechanisms such as anti-inflammatory, smooth muscle relax- Humans have used foods medicinally for thousands of years. ation, analgesia, mitigation of gut barrier dysfunction, and The Greek physician Hippocrates, considered to be the
Current Gastroenterology Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 13, 2017
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