Mechanosensitive Channels in the Cell Body of Chlamydomonas

Mechanosensitive Channels in the Cell Body of Chlamydomonas Mechanosensitive channels appear ubiquitous but they have not been well characterized in cells directly responding to mechanical stimuli. Here, we identified tension-sensitive channel currents on the cell body of Chlamydomonas, a protist that shows a marked behavioral response to mechanical stimulation. When a negative pressure was applied to the cell body with a patch clamp electrode, single-ion-channel currents of 2.4 pA in amplitude were observed. The currents were inhibited by 10 μm gadolinium, a general blocker of mechanosensitive channels. The currents were most likely due to Ca2+ influxes because the current was absent in Ca2+-free solutions and the reversal potential was 98 mV positive to the resting potential. The distribution of channel-open times conformed to a single exponential component and that of closed times to two exponential components. This mechanosensitive channel was similar to the one found in the flagella in the following respects: both channels were inhibited by Gd3+ at 10 μm but not at 1 μm; both passed Ca2+ and Ba2+; their kinetic parameters for channel opening were similar. These observations raise the possibility that identical mechanosensitive channels may function both in the behavioral control through the mechanoreception by the flagella and in the regulation of cellular physiology in response to mechanical perturbation on the cell body. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Mechanosensitive Channels in the Cell Body of Chlamydomonas

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/mechanosensitive-channels-in-the-cell-body-of-chlamydomonas-7ZHb0hfWRl
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900456
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mechanosensitive channels appear ubiquitous but they have not been well characterized in cells directly responding to mechanical stimuli. Here, we identified tension-sensitive channel currents on the cell body of Chlamydomonas, a protist that shows a marked behavioral response to mechanical stimulation. When a negative pressure was applied to the cell body with a patch clamp electrode, single-ion-channel currents of 2.4 pA in amplitude were observed. The currents were inhibited by 10 μm gadolinium, a general blocker of mechanosensitive channels. The currents were most likely due to Ca2+ influxes because the current was absent in Ca2+-free solutions and the reversal potential was 98 mV positive to the resting potential. The distribution of channel-open times conformed to a single exponential component and that of closed times to two exponential components. This mechanosensitive channel was similar to the one found in the flagella in the following respects: both channels were inhibited by Gd3+ at 10 μm but not at 1 μm; both passed Ca2+ and Ba2+; their kinetic parameters for channel opening were similar. These observations raise the possibility that identical mechanosensitive channels may function both in the behavioral control through the mechanoreception by the flagella and in the regulation of cellular physiology in response to mechanical perturbation on the cell body.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 15, 1998

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off