Mechanosensitive Calcium Entry and Mobilization in Renal A6 Cells

Mechanosensitive Calcium Entry and Mobilization in Renal A6 Cells Using spectrofluorescence imaging of fura-2 loaded renal A6 cells, we have investigated the generation of the cytosolic Ca2+ signal in response to osmotic shock and localized membrane stretch. Upon hypotonic exposure, the cells began to swell prior to a transient increase in [Ca2+] i and the cells remained swollen after [Ca2+] i had returned towards basal levels. Exposure to 2/3rd strength Ringer produced a cell volume increase within 3 min, followed by a slow regulatory volume decrease (RVD). The hypotonic challenge also produced a transient increase in [Ca2+] after a delay of 22 sec. Both the RVD and [Ca2+] i response to hypotonicity were inhibited in a Ca2+-free bathing solution and by gadolinium (10 μm), an inhibitor of stretch-activated channels. Stretching the membrane by application of subatmospheric pressure (-2 kPa) inside a cell-attached patch-pipette induced a similar global increase in [Ca2+] i as occurred after hypotonic shock. A stretch-sensitive [Ca2+] i increase was also observed in a Ca2+-free bathing solution, provided the patch-pipette contained Ca2+. The mechanosensitive [Ca2+] i response was by gadolinium (10 μm) or Ca2+-free pipette solutions, even when Ca2+ (2 mm) was present in the bath. Long-term (>10 min) pretreatment of the cells with thapsigargin inhibited the [Ca2+] i response to hypotonicity. These results provide evidence that cell swelling or mechanical stimulation can activate a powerful amplification system linked to intracellular Ca2+ release mechanisms. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Mechanosensitive Calcium Entry and Mobilization in Renal A6 Cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/mechanosensitive-calcium-entry-and-mobilization-in-renal-a6-cells-Mq1CD4FAC9
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900495
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Using spectrofluorescence imaging of fura-2 loaded renal A6 cells, we have investigated the generation of the cytosolic Ca2+ signal in response to osmotic shock and localized membrane stretch. Upon hypotonic exposure, the cells began to swell prior to a transient increase in [Ca2+] i and the cells remained swollen after [Ca2+] i had returned towards basal levels. Exposure to 2/3rd strength Ringer produced a cell volume increase within 3 min, followed by a slow regulatory volume decrease (RVD). The hypotonic challenge also produced a transient increase in [Ca2+] after a delay of 22 sec. Both the RVD and [Ca2+] i response to hypotonicity were inhibited in a Ca2+-free bathing solution and by gadolinium (10 μm), an inhibitor of stretch-activated channels. Stretching the membrane by application of subatmospheric pressure (-2 kPa) inside a cell-attached patch-pipette induced a similar global increase in [Ca2+] i as occurred after hypotonic shock. A stretch-sensitive [Ca2+] i increase was also observed in a Ca2+-free bathing solution, provided the patch-pipette contained Ca2+. The mechanosensitive [Ca2+] i response was by gadolinium (10 μm) or Ca2+-free pipette solutions, even when Ca2+ (2 mm) was present in the bath. Long-term (>10 min) pretreatment of the cells with thapsigargin inhibited the [Ca2+] i response to hypotonicity. These results provide evidence that cell swelling or mechanical stimulation can activate a powerful amplification system linked to intracellular Ca2+ release mechanisms.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 1999

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off