Mechanistic Modeling of Salmonellosis

Mechanistic Modeling of Salmonellosis The serious limitation of the available human data contributes to the need for making simplifying assumptions for dose-response modeling which has led to frequent use of a single function, the beta-Poisson function, as a default dose-response model form. This function is a concave, low-dose linear function. Sub-linear or convex curves may be more appropriate for some host-pathogen interactions due to the series of highly regulated innate and acquired defense systems of the healthy human body that protect against most microbial challenges. A systematic investigation of the steps of non-typhoid salmonellosis in humans leads to biological motivations for sub-linear, or non-concave, dose-response curves in microbial risk assessment. Three phenomena were identified that might contribute to sub-linear, or non-concave, dose-response curves: (1) clumping of bacterial cells in microcolonies in a food matrix; (2) quorum sensing, or density-dependency in expression of virulence genes or other metabolic actions; and (3) need, at least in some circumstances, for multiple lesions for progression to symptomatic illness. This investigation suggests that microbial risk assessors should routinely employ a variety of model forms in addition to the commonly used beta-Poisson model to depict more fully the uncertainty of the “true” dose-response model. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantitative Microbiology Springer Journals

Mechanistic Modeling of Salmonellosis

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/mechanistic-modeling-of-salmonellosis-3VyqTTRP0r
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Environment; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology
ISSN
1388-3593
eISSN
1572-9923
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1013947212490
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The serious limitation of the available human data contributes to the need for making simplifying assumptions for dose-response modeling which has led to frequent use of a single function, the beta-Poisson function, as a default dose-response model form. This function is a concave, low-dose linear function. Sub-linear or convex curves may be more appropriate for some host-pathogen interactions due to the series of highly regulated innate and acquired defense systems of the healthy human body that protect against most microbial challenges. A systematic investigation of the steps of non-typhoid salmonellosis in humans leads to biological motivations for sub-linear, or non-concave, dose-response curves in microbial risk assessment. Three phenomena were identified that might contribute to sub-linear, or non-concave, dose-response curves: (1) clumping of bacterial cells in microcolonies in a food matrix; (2) quorum sensing, or density-dependency in expression of virulence genes or other metabolic actions; and (3) need, at least in some circumstances, for multiple lesions for progression to symptomatic illness. This investigation suggests that microbial risk assessors should routinely employ a variety of model forms in addition to the commonly used beta-Poisson model to depict more fully the uncertainty of the “true” dose-response model.

Journal

Quantitative MicrobiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 8, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off