Visual and retinal function was measured in a mouse model of chemically induced, sustained dyslipidemia to determine the contribution of dyslipidemia to the pathogenesis of retinopathy in the context of metabolic syndrome. Fifteen male C57BL/6Crl mice were divided into three groups. Poloxamer 407 (P-407), 14.5% w/w was delivered at a rate of 6 µl/day by implanted osmotic mini-pumps either subcutaneously (P-407 SQ) or intraperitoneally (P-407 IP) to P-407-treated mice, whereas saline was administered at the same rate to control mice using only the subcutaneous route of administration. Total cholesterol (TC) and true triglyceride (TG) levels were quantified from plasma. Optomotor responses to stimuli of varying spatial frequency or contrast were used to measure visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Retinal function was determined using Ganzfeld flash electroretinography (ERG). At 32 days, TC for the P-407 IP group was significantly elevated compared to saline controls (169.4 ± 16.5 mg/dl, 0.001 < P < 0.01). TG levels for both the P-407 SQ (59.3 ± 22.4 mg/dl, 0.01 < P < 0.05) and P-407 IP groups (67.7 ± 18.0 mg/dl, 0.001 < P < 0.01) were significantly elevated relative to controls. Electroretinography demonstrated a very significant decline in the b/a ratio (1.80 ± 0.11, P < 0.01) for the P-407 IP group. The b/a ratio exhibited a moderate, significant correlation with TC levels (r = − 0.4425, P = 0.0392) and a strong, very significant correlation with TG levels (r = − 0.6190, P = 0.0021). Delivery of P-407 via osmotic mini-pump resulted in the sustained, significant elevation of plasma TC and TG levels. This elevation in plasma lipid levels was correlated with a decline in inner retinal function.
Neurochemical Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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