The previously reported class of potent inorganic inhibitors of Na,K-ATPase, named MCS factors, was shown to inhibit not only Na,K-ATPase but several P-type ATPases with high potency in the sub-micromolar range. These MCS factors were found to bind to the intracellular side of the Na, K-ATPase. The inhibition is not competitive with ouabain binding, thus excluding its role as cardiac-steroid-like inhibitor of the Na,K-ATPase. The mechanism of inhibition of Na,K-ATPase was investigated with the fluorescent styryl dye RH421, a dye known to report changes of local electric fields in the membrane dielectric. MCS factors interact with the Na,K-ATPase in the E1 conformation of the ion pump and induce a conformational rearrangement that causes a change of the equilibrium dissociation constant for one of the first two intracellular cation binding sites. The MCS-inhibited state was found to have bound one cation (H+, Na+ or K+) in one of the two unspecific binding sites, and at high Na+ concentrations another Na+ ion was bound to the highly Na+-selective ion-binding site.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2005
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