Mechanism of the giant permittivity in Sm modified SrTiO3 sintered at different atmospheres

Mechanism of the giant permittivity in Sm modified SrTiO3 sintered at different atmospheres The pure and Sm modified SrTiO3 ceramics have been fabricated by solid state reaction method at different atmospheres, including ambient, reduced and oxidized conditions. All studied ceramics are in single cubic perovskite phase with high bulk density, where Sm doped ceramics possess decreased grain size. The room temperature permittivities of Sr0.97Sm0.02TiO3 and Sr0.98Sm0.02TiO3 sintered in N2 were found to be on the order of 25120 and 13370 at 1 kHz with dielectric loss being 0.044 and 0.008. The giant permittivities were associated with the increase of Ti3+ ions, which were due to the combination of Ti4+ ions and electrons. With increasing Ti3+ ions, the concentration of Ti4+ ions, Ti3+ ions and $${\text{V}}_{{\text{O}}}^{{ \cdot \cdot }}$$ V O · · reach the balance where the defect dipoles [ $${\text{T}}{{\text{i}}^{4+}} \cdot {\text{e}} - {\text{V}}_{{\text{O}}}^{{ \cdot \cdot }} - {\text{T}}{{\text{i}}^{4+}} \cdot {\text{e}}$$ T i 4 + · e - V O · · - T i 4 + · e ] were created, responsible for the low dielectric loss. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics Springer Journals

Mechanism of the giant permittivity in Sm modified SrTiO3 sintered at different atmospheres

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Materials Science; Optical and Electronic Materials; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
ISSN
0957-4522
eISSN
1573-482X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10854-018-9250-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The pure and Sm modified SrTiO3 ceramics have been fabricated by solid state reaction method at different atmospheres, including ambient, reduced and oxidized conditions. All studied ceramics are in single cubic perovskite phase with high bulk density, where Sm doped ceramics possess decreased grain size. The room temperature permittivities of Sr0.97Sm0.02TiO3 and Sr0.98Sm0.02TiO3 sintered in N2 were found to be on the order of 25120 and 13370 at 1 kHz with dielectric loss being 0.044 and 0.008. The giant permittivities were associated with the increase of Ti3+ ions, which were due to the combination of Ti4+ ions and electrons. With increasing Ti3+ ions, the concentration of Ti4+ ions, Ti3+ ions and $${\text{V}}_{{\text{O}}}^{{ \cdot \cdot }}$$ V O · · reach the balance where the defect dipoles [ $${\text{T}}{{\text{i}}^{4+}} \cdot {\text{e}} - {\text{V}}_{{\text{O}}}^{{ \cdot \cdot }} - {\text{T}}{{\text{i}}^{4+}} \cdot {\text{e}}$$ T i 4 + · e - V O · · - T i 4 + · e ] were created, responsible for the low dielectric loss.

Journal

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in ElectronicsSpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

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