Mechanical Properties of Hard W-C Coating on Steel Substrate Deduced from Nanoindentation and Finite Element Modeling

Mechanical Properties of Hard W-C Coating on Steel Substrate Deduced from Nanoindentation and... Mechanical properties of a hard and stiff W-C coating on steel substrate have been investigated using nanoindentation combined with finite element modeling (FEM) and extended FEM (XFEM). The significant pile-up observed around the indents in steel substrate caused an overestimation of hardness and indentation modulus. A simple geometrical model, considering the additional contact surfaces due to pile-up, has been proposed to reduce this overestimation. The presence of W-C coating suppressed the pile-up in the steel substrate and a transition to sink-in behavior occurred. The FEM simulations adequately reproduced the surface topography of the indents in the substrate and coating/substrate systems as well. The maximum principal stresses of the indented W-C/steel coated system were tensile; they were always located in the coating and evolved in 3 stages. Cohesive cracking occurred during loading in the sink-in zone (stage III) when the ultimate tensile strength (σ max ) of the coating was reached. The obtained hardness (H c ), indentation modulus (E c ), yield stress (Y) and strength (σ max ) of the W-C coating were H c   = 20 GPa, E c   = 250 GPa, Y = 9.0 GPa and σ max   = 9.35 GPa, respectively. XFEM resulted in fracture energy of the W-C coating of G = 38.1 J · m-2 and fracture toughness of K IC   = 3.5 MPa · m0.5. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experimental Mechanics Springer Journals

Mechanical Properties of Hard W-C Coating on Steel Substrate Deduced from Nanoindentation and Finite Element Modeling

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Society for Experimental Mechanics
Subject
Engineering; Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices; Structural Mechanics; Vibration, Dynamical Systems, Control; Classical Mechanics
ISSN
0014-4851
eISSN
1741-2765
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11340-016-0190-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mechanical properties of a hard and stiff W-C coating on steel substrate have been investigated using nanoindentation combined with finite element modeling (FEM) and extended FEM (XFEM). The significant pile-up observed around the indents in steel substrate caused an overestimation of hardness and indentation modulus. A simple geometrical model, considering the additional contact surfaces due to pile-up, has been proposed to reduce this overestimation. The presence of W-C coating suppressed the pile-up in the steel substrate and a transition to sink-in behavior occurred. The FEM simulations adequately reproduced the surface topography of the indents in the substrate and coating/substrate systems as well. The maximum principal stresses of the indented W-C/steel coated system were tensile; they were always located in the coating and evolved in 3 stages. Cohesive cracking occurred during loading in the sink-in zone (stage III) when the ultimate tensile strength (σ max ) of the coating was reached. The obtained hardness (H c ), indentation modulus (E c ), yield stress (Y) and strength (σ max ) of the W-C coating were H c   = 20 GPa, E c   = 250 GPa, Y = 9.0 GPa and σ max   = 9.35 GPa, respectively. XFEM resulted in fracture energy of the W-C coating of G = 38.1 J · m-2 and fracture toughness of K IC   = 3.5 MPa · m0.5.

Journal

Experimental MechanicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 6, 2016

References

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