In the present work PVA-g-PAN/ZnO nanocomposite films were prepared by free radical graft copolymerization of acrylonitrile on to PVA and subsequent in situ precipitation of ZnO nanoparticles into the polymer matrix. The films were characterized by FTIR, Raman spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The size of the crystallites and extents of crystallinity were ascertained by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The SEM with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) showed that the ZnO nanoparticles were uniformly dispersed within the host grafted copolymer matrix. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results clearly indicated that the size of nanoparticles varied in the range 10–30 nm. The UV-absorption properties showed that the films were capable of absorbing more than 95% of UV radiations. Photoluminescence (PL) measurements revealed the presence of defects in the synthesized nanocomposite films. The mechanical properties of the PVA-g-PAN/ZnO nanocomposites such as microhardness and tensile strength were also studied.
Polymer Bulletin – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 21, 2017
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