Instantaneous temperature measurements were obtained in an underexpanded jet using electrostrictive laser-induced gratings. Evaluation of the technique under static, low-pressure conditions provided a baseline uncertainty or precision for single-shot temperature measurements of 4.4% of the local mean temperature, which represents the minimum detectable temperature fluctuation. The underexpanded jet was operated at a nozzle pressure ratio of 2.39 and a fully expanded jet Mach number of 1.19. Data were acquired along the centerline and over two radial traverses through the shear layer. Mean temperature data agree well with expectations, describing the shock-cell structure and the compressible shear layer. The growth in shear-layer width with downstream distance can be identified in the mean and fluctuating temperature measurements. Temperature fluctuations are near the baseline detection limit in the jet core and surrounding ambient air, and reach a maximum in the shear layer. The temperature fluctuation measurements compare well with previous computational and experimental work, confirming the application of the technique to a turbulent, supersonic flow.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 27, 2009
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