Measurements of a stator-induced circumferentially varying flow

Measurements of a stator-induced circumferentially varying flow The flow physics associated with the generation of both axisymmetric and non-axisymmetric swirl by various deflection patterns of a stator array was investigated experimentally through surface pressure and Stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimetry measurements. A three-dimensional rendering technique was developed to reconstruct the flow field around the model and in its wake. The three-dimensional fluid volume was reconstructed from multiple two-dimensional measurement planes. A cyclic distribution of the stators’ deflections resulted in non-axisymmetric distributions of the surface pressure and the flow field downstream of the stator array. The addition of a shroud had an amplifying effect: accelerating the flow through the stator array while reducing the non-uniform tangential velocity component generated by the stators. In the model near wake the flow field is associated with secondary flow patterns in the form of coherent streamwise vortical structures that can be described by potential flow mechanisms. The collective pitch distribution of the stators produces a flow field that resembles a potential Rankine vortex, whereas the cyclic pitch distribution generates a flow pattern that can be described by a potential vortex pair in a cross-flow. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Measurements of a stator-induced circumferentially varying flow

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer; Fluid- and Aerodynamics
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-011-1060-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The flow physics associated with the generation of both axisymmetric and non-axisymmetric swirl by various deflection patterns of a stator array was investigated experimentally through surface pressure and Stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimetry measurements. A three-dimensional rendering technique was developed to reconstruct the flow field around the model and in its wake. The three-dimensional fluid volume was reconstructed from multiple two-dimensional measurement planes. A cyclic distribution of the stators’ deflections resulted in non-axisymmetric distributions of the surface pressure and the flow field downstream of the stator array. The addition of a shroud had an amplifying effect: accelerating the flow through the stator array while reducing the non-uniform tangential velocity component generated by the stators. In the model near wake the flow field is associated with secondary flow patterns in the form of coherent streamwise vortical structures that can be described by potential flow mechanisms. The collective pitch distribution of the stators produces a flow field that resembles a potential Rankine vortex, whereas the cyclic pitch distribution generates a flow pattern that can be described by a potential vortex pair in a cross-flow.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 3, 2011

References

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