A dual-probe hot-film anemometry technique has been developed to measure multiple gas-bubble velocities corresponding to different gas-bubble size groups in air–water flows. A data reduction scheme using wavelet analysis combined with a phase-detection technique is used to discriminate the hot-film anemometer output signals into signals corresponding to different bubble size groups. The phase and bubble size discrimination is based on the magnitude and time derivative of the signal, and the streamwise length of the gas bubbles. A cross-correlation between the discriminated signals from the two probes yields an average time difference of arrival of the gas bubbles at the two sensor locations. The velocities are estimated from the distance between the sensors and the time difference of arrival. The mean bubble size is estimated from the chord length distribution. Measurements performed in vertical-up air–water slug flow show the technique to be a viable method for obtaining bubble velocity and size information. The velocity measurements from the hot-film anemometry are corroborated using a high-speed quantitative flow visualization system.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 1, 2001
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