The golden standard method to obtain accurate blood oxygen saturation is blood gas analysis that needs invasive procedure of blood sampling. Photoacoustic technique enables us to measure real-time blood oxygen saturation without invasive procedure. The aim of this study is to use the photoacoustic technique, an optical method, for accurately determining oxygen saturation in vivo. We measured induced photoacoustic signals of arterial blood in the rabbit model of stable hypoxemia after irradiation at 750 and 800 nm. Oxygen saturation was calculated from the photoacoustic signals using two calibration curves. Calibration curve 1 is a conventional curve derived from the absorbance coefficient of hemoglobin, whereas calibration curve 2 is derived from the photoacoustic signals obtained from the original blood vessel model. Simultaneously, blood-gas analysis was performed to obtain the reference standard of oxygen saturation. Regression analysis and Bland–Altman analysis were performed to assess the accuracy of oxygen saturation obtained using the two methods. The oxygen saturation calculated using calibration curves 1 and 2 showed strong correlations with the reference standard in regression analysis (R = 0.965, 0.964, respectively). The Bland–Altman analysis revealed better agreement and precision with calibration curve 2, whereas there was significant under - estimation of values obtained using calibration
Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
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