Measurement of ambient fluid entrainment during laminar vortex ring formation

Measurement of ambient fluid entrainment during laminar vortex ring formation Planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) and digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV) combined with Lagrangian coherent structure (LCS) techniques are utilized to measure ambient fluid entrainment during laminar vortex ring formation and relate it to the total entrained volume after formation is complete. Vortex rings are generated mechanically with a piston-cylinder mechanism for a jet Reynolds number of 1,000, stroke ratios of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0, and three velocity programs (Trapezoidal, triangular negative and positive sloping velocity programs). The quantitative observations of PLIF agree with both the total ring volume and entrainment rate measurements obtained from the DPIV/LCS hybrid method for the jet Reynolds number of 1,000, trapezoidal velocity program and stroke ratio of 2.0 case. In addition to increased entrainment at smaller stroke ratios observed by others, the PLIF results also show that a velocity program utilizing rapid jet initiation and termination enhances ambient fluid entrainment. The observed trends in entrainment rate and final entrained fluid fraction are explained in terms of the vortex roll-up process during vortex ring formation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Measurement of ambient fluid entrainment during laminar vortex ring formation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/measurement-of-ambient-fluid-entrainment-during-laminar-vortex-ring-DQ2HYyZYat
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-007-0397-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) and digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV) combined with Lagrangian coherent structure (LCS) techniques are utilized to measure ambient fluid entrainment during laminar vortex ring formation and relate it to the total entrained volume after formation is complete. Vortex rings are generated mechanically with a piston-cylinder mechanism for a jet Reynolds number of 1,000, stroke ratios of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0, and three velocity programs (Trapezoidal, triangular negative and positive sloping velocity programs). The quantitative observations of PLIF agree with both the total ring volume and entrainment rate measurements obtained from the DPIV/LCS hybrid method for the jet Reynolds number of 1,000, trapezoidal velocity program and stroke ratio of 2.0 case. In addition to increased entrainment at smaller stroke ratios observed by others, the PLIF results also show that a velocity program utilizing rapid jet initiation and termination enhances ambient fluid entrainment. The observed trends in entrainment rate and final entrained fluid fraction are explained in terms of the vortex roll-up process during vortex ring formation.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 14, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off