Experimental measurement techniques such as naphthalene sublimation, liquid crystal thermography and real-time holographic interferometry are standard. Their application in narrow channels causes problems and is therefore limited. The channel width must not change too much because the naphthalene sublimation and the liquid crystal coating necessary for the thermography may cause non-negotiable variations. The interferometry fails in turbulent flow area. The diffraction along the channel edges is an additional difficulty. A comparison of the results obtained from the application of all three techniques, which has not been considered in earlier publications, is made here. The methods were used to measure and visualize the heat transfer characteristics of an array of 1.2 mm diameter impinging jets in an enclosed channel (≥2.2 mm) with single-sided flow-off at Reynolds numbers of about Re z ≈ 20,000. Scale-up ratios as low as 2.4 have been used in order to maintain similarity as it has not been previously reported. The naphthalene technique provided a high spatially resolved measurement of the Sherwood number along a downstream line. The liquid crystal thermography technique provided 2D contours of the Nusselt number. The temperature distribution within dead water zones was visualized with holographic interferometry. The cross-flow effects caused a shift in the stagnation point and a monotone decrease in the Nusselt number in the downstream direction.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2001
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