The presence of noise in images of degraded documents limits the direct application of segmentation approaches and can lead to the presence of a number of different artifacts in the final segmented image. A possible solution is the integration of a pre-filtering step which may improve the segmentation quality through the reduction of such noise. This study demonstrated that combining the Mean-Shift clustering algorithm and the tensor-driven diffusion process into a joint iterative framework produced promising results. For instance, this framework generates segmented images with reduced edge and background artifacts when compared to results obtained after applying each method separately. This improvement is explained by the mutual interaction of global and local information, introduced, respectively, by the Mean-Shift and the anisotropic diffusion. Another point of note is that the anisotropic diffusion process smoothed images while preserving edge continuities. The convergence of this framework was defined automatically under a stopping criterion not previously defined when the diffusion process was applied alone. To obtain a fast convergence, the common framework utilizes the speedup algorithm of the Fukunaga and Hostetler Mean-Shift formulation already proposed by Lebourgeois et al. (International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR), pp 52–56, 2013). This new variant of the Mean-Shift algorithm produced similar results to the original one, but ran faster due to the application of the integral volume. The first application of this framework was document ink bleed-through removal where noise is stemmed from the interference of the verso side on the recto side, thus perturbing the legibility of the original text. Other categories of images could also be subjected to the proposed framework application.
International Journal of Document Analysis and Recognition (IJDAR) – Springer Journals
Published: May 15, 2017
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