Mathematical Berlin: Science, Sights, and Stories by Iris and Martin Grötschel

Mathematical Berlin: Science, Sights, and Stories by Iris and Martin Grötschel complicated political history of Germany in the 20th century and its effects on Berlin mathematics are duly explained. Mathematical Berlin: Today Berlin boasts three universities—the Humboldt University (founded in 1810), the Technical University Science, Sights, and (1946), and the Free University (1948)—and numerous other institutions where mathematics is being taught, studied, or Stories applied. by Iris and Martin Gro¨tschel Besides the aforementioned luminaries, the guide- book offers a minibiography of the following BERLIN: BERLIN STORY VERLAG, 2016, 160 PP., 14.95 EUR, ISBN 978-3- mathematicians related to Berlin: Niels Henrik Abel, 95723-080-5 Ludwig Bieberbach, Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, Immanuel Lazarus REVIEWED BY OSMO PEKONEN Fuchs, Hilda Geiringer, Wolfgang Haack, Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, Sofja Kovalevskaja, Leopold Kronecker, Ernst Eduard Kummer, Johann Heinrich Lambert, Richard erlin Story Verlag is a publishing house specializing von Mises, Erhard Schmidt, Issai Schur, Hermann Amandus Schwarz, and Jakob Steiner. in affordable Berlin guidebooks, which it offers for a B large variety of target audiences. Delightfully, there Surprisingly, no mathematician seems to have a statue in Berlin but the following ones have a street named after also exists a city guide customized to meet the needs of mathematicians visiting the capital of Germany. Of the two them: Cantor, Crelle, Euler, Gauss, Kronecker, Lambert, ¨ Leibniz, and Newton. The commemorative plates—many authors, Martin Grotschel is the president of the Berlin- Brandenburg Academy of Science, whereas his wife Iris, a of which have been placed quite recently—are too mathematician as well, is licensed as a tourist guide to lead numerous to be listed here. The guidebook also helps to locate museum objects and works of art of mathematical mathematical (and physical) walks in the city. The guidebook opens with a historical overview. There is interest. For more than twenty years, a mysterious street general agreement that scientific mathematics in Berlin was artist keeps painting the perfect number ‘‘6’’ everywhere. initiated by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz with the establishment There exists an earlier German version of the book [1] and of the Berlin Academy of Science in 1700. The Frenchman also a companion volume about physics in Berlin [2]. Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis reorganized the institu- tion under the reign of Frederick the Great, an age of Agora (Mattilanniemi 1) Prussian glory that, on the mathematical front, coincided University of Jyva ¨ skyla ¨ with the 25-year-long stay of Leonhard Euler in Berlin. Dis- PL 35 sension with the King drove Euler to accept the invitation of 40014 Jyva ¨ skyla ¨ Catherine the Great to move to Saint Petersburg, but he Finland was worthily succeeded by Joseph Louis Lagrange who e-mail: osmo.pekonen@jyu.fi stayed for 21 years. After Lagrange’s departure, however, Berlin slumbered for almost a century whereas Go ¨ ttingen REFERENCES developed into the new hub of German science. A new [1] Gro ¨ tschel, Iris (2011). Das mathematische Berlin. Historische mathematical golden age in Berlin dawned with the advent Spuren und aktuelle Szene. Berlin: Berlin Story Verlag. of Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass who had started his [2] Gro ¨ tschel, Iris (2013). Das physikalische Berlin. Eine Reise durch career as a secondary school teacher in Eastern Prussia. The Raum und Zeit. Berlin: Berlin Story Verlag. 90 THE MATHEMATICAL INTELLIGENCER  2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC https://doi.org/10.1007/s00283-017-9758-2 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Mathematical Intelligencer Springer Journals

Mathematical Berlin: Science, Sights, and Stories by Iris and Martin Grötschel

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Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Mathematics; Mathematics, general; Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics; Mathematical Methods in Physics; Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation; Mathematical and Computational Engineering
ISSN
0343-6993
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1866-7414
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00283-017-9758-2
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Abstract

complicated political history of Germany in the 20th century and its effects on Berlin mathematics are duly explained. Mathematical Berlin: Today Berlin boasts three universities—the Humboldt University (founded in 1810), the Technical University Science, Sights, and (1946), and the Free University (1948)—and numerous other institutions where mathematics is being taught, studied, or Stories applied. by Iris and Martin Gro¨tschel Besides the aforementioned luminaries, the guide- book offers a minibiography of the following BERLIN: BERLIN STORY VERLAG, 2016, 160 PP., 14.95 EUR, ISBN 978-3- mathematicians related to Berlin: Niels Henrik Abel, 95723-080-5 Ludwig Bieberbach, Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, Immanuel Lazarus REVIEWED BY OSMO PEKONEN Fuchs, Hilda Geiringer, Wolfgang Haack, Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, Sofja Kovalevskaja, Leopold Kronecker, Ernst Eduard Kummer, Johann Heinrich Lambert, Richard erlin Story Verlag is a publishing house specializing von Mises, Erhard Schmidt, Issai Schur, Hermann Amandus Schwarz, and Jakob Steiner. in affordable Berlin guidebooks, which it offers for a B large variety of target audiences. Delightfully, there Surprisingly, no mathematician seems to have a statue in Berlin but the following ones have a street named after also exists a city guide customized to meet the needs of mathematicians visiting the capital of Germany. Of the two them: Cantor, Crelle, Euler, Gauss, Kronecker, Lambert, ¨ Leibniz, and Newton. The commemorative plates—many authors, Martin Grotschel is the president of the Berlin- Brandenburg Academy of Science, whereas his wife Iris, a of which have been placed quite recently—are too mathematician as well, is licensed as a tourist guide to lead numerous to be listed here. The guidebook also helps to locate museum objects and works of art of mathematical mathematical (and physical) walks in the city. The guidebook opens with a historical overview. There is interest. For more than twenty years, a mysterious street general agreement that scientific mathematics in Berlin was artist keeps painting the perfect number ‘‘6’’ everywhere. initiated by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz with the establishment There exists an earlier German version of the book [1] and of the Berlin Academy of Science in 1700. The Frenchman also a companion volume about physics in Berlin [2]. Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis reorganized the institu- tion under the reign of Frederick the Great, an age of Agora (Mattilanniemi 1) Prussian glory that, on the mathematical front, coincided University of Jyva ¨ skyla ¨ with the 25-year-long stay of Leonhard Euler in Berlin. Dis- PL 35 sension with the King drove Euler to accept the invitation of 40014 Jyva ¨ skyla ¨ Catherine the Great to move to Saint Petersburg, but he Finland was worthily succeeded by Joseph Louis Lagrange who e-mail: osmo.pekonen@jyu.fi stayed for 21 years. After Lagrange’s departure, however, Berlin slumbered for almost a century whereas Go ¨ ttingen REFERENCES developed into the new hub of German science. A new [1] Gro ¨ tschel, Iris (2011). Das mathematische Berlin. Historische mathematical golden age in Berlin dawned with the advent Spuren und aktuelle Szene. Berlin: Berlin Story Verlag. of Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass who had started his [2] Gro ¨ tschel, Iris (2013). Das physikalische Berlin. Eine Reise durch career as a secondary school teacher in Eastern Prussia. The Raum und Zeit. Berlin: Berlin Story Verlag. 90 THE MATHEMATICAL INTELLIGENCER  2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC https://doi.org/10.1007/s00283-017-9758-2

Journal

The Mathematical IntelligencerSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 6, 2018

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