This is the second of two papers by the authors associated with materials characterisation methods based on hardness testing. It is important to have knowledge of the tip geometry of the indenter employed in the hardness test as this affects the correctness of the value of contact area parameter used to determine the mechanical properties. In this paper, outcomes of a study concerned with the tip geometry of the Vickers microindenter are presented. Results from experiment are compared with results from published works and the most current accepted analytical models. A new non-contact methodology based on a residual imprint imaging process is developed and further compared with other methods using experimental and numerical analyses over a wide range of material properties. For confirmation, an assessment was undertaken using numerical dimensional analysis which permitted a large range of materials to be explored. It is shown that the proposed method is more accurate compared with other methods regardless of the mechanical properties of the material. The outcomes demonstrate that measuring contact area with the new method enhanced the overall relative error in the resulting mechanical properties including hardness and Young’s modulus of elasticity. It is also shown that the value of the contact area using actual indenter geometry obtained from experimental load-displacement analysis or FEM numerical analysis is more accurate than the value obtained from the assumption of perfect indenter geometry and hence can be used for materials with low strain hardening property.
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 6, 2017
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