Master donor viruses A/Leningrad/134/17/57 (H2N2) and B/USSR/60/69 and derived reassortants used in live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) do not display neurovirulent properties in a mouse model

Master donor viruses A/Leningrad/134/17/57 (H2N2) and B/USSR/60/69 and derived reassortants used... Demonstration of the absence of neurovirulent properties of reassortant viruses contained in live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is a regulatory requirement. A mouse model was used to detect neurovirulent properties of the cold-adapted, temperature-sensitive and attenuated influenza master donor viruses (MDVs) A/Leningrad/134/17/57 (H2N2) and B/USSR/60/69 and derived reassortant influenza viruses. A/NWS/33 (H1N1), which is known to be neurovirulent in mice, was used as a positive control. Under conditions where the positive control virus induced symptoms of disease and showed viral replication in the upper respiratory tract as well as in the brain, replication of the influenza master donor viruses and reassortant influenza A and B viruses was limited to the upper respiratory tract where they were administered. None of the mice inoculated with MDVs or reassortant influenza viruses suffered from disease, and no virus or viral replication was observed in the brains of these mice. The results demonstrate the absence of neurovirulent properties of the MDVs and reassortant influenza viruses derived therefrom used in LAIV. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Master donor viruses A/Leningrad/134/17/57 (H2N2) and B/USSR/60/69 and derived reassortants used in live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) do not display neurovirulent properties in a mouse model

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-010-0719-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Demonstration of the absence of neurovirulent properties of reassortant viruses contained in live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is a regulatory requirement. A mouse model was used to detect neurovirulent properties of the cold-adapted, temperature-sensitive and attenuated influenza master donor viruses (MDVs) A/Leningrad/134/17/57 (H2N2) and B/USSR/60/69 and derived reassortant influenza viruses. A/NWS/33 (H1N1), which is known to be neurovirulent in mice, was used as a positive control. Under conditions where the positive control virus induced symptoms of disease and showed viral replication in the upper respiratory tract as well as in the brain, replication of the influenza master donor viruses and reassortant influenza A and B viruses was limited to the upper respiratory tract where they were administered. None of the mice inoculated with MDVs or reassortant influenza viruses suffered from disease, and no virus or viral replication was observed in the brains of these mice. The results demonstrate the absence of neurovirulent properties of the MDVs and reassortant influenza viruses derived therefrom used in LAIV.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2010

References

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