Hot-wire anemometry is a measuring technique that is widely employed in fluid mechanics research to study the velocity fields of gas flows. It is general practice to calibrate hot-wire sensors against velocity. Calibrations are usually carried out under atmospheric pressure conditions and these suggest that the wire is sensitive to the instantaneous local volume flow rate. It is pointed out, however, that hot wires are sensitive to the instantaneous local mass flow rate and, of course, also to the gas heat conductivity. To calibrate hot wires with respect to mass flow rates per unit area, i.e., with respect to (ρU), requires special calibration test rigs. Such a device is described and its application is summarized within the (ρU) range 0.1–25 kg/m2 s. Calibrations are shown to yield the same hot-wire response curves for density variations in the range 1–7 kg/m3. The application of the calibrated wires to measure pulsating mass flows is demonstrated, and suggestions are made for carrying out extensive calibrations to yield the (ρU) wire response as a basis for advanced fluid mechanics research on (ρU) data in density-varying flows.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 23, 2007
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