Masculinity and Femininity in Contemporary American Society: A Reevaluation Using the Bem Sex-Role Inventory

Masculinity and Femininity in Contemporary American Society: A Reevaluation Using the Bem... P1: Vendor/GAV/GAP P2: FLF Sex Roles [sers] PP029-292514 January 10, 2001 19:36 Style file version Nov. 19th, 1999 Sex Roles, Vol. 43, Nos. 7/8, 2000 Masculinity and Femininity in Contemporary American Society: A Reevaluation Using the Bem Sex-Role Inventory Carol J. Auster and Susan C. Ohm Franklin and Marshall College Until the 1970s, masculinity and femininity were thought to constitute a single bipolar dimension. In the 1970s, a variety of researchers challenged this notion and suggested instead that masculinity and femininity were two sepa- rate dimensions on which an individual could be high or low (Constantinople, 1973). More than 25 years ago, Sandra Bem developed a measurement in- strument, the widely used Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), which treated these two dimensions as separate and orthogonal (Bem, 1974). Based on re- spondents’ self-ratings of a list of personality traits, the BSRI allows the clas- sification of respondents into four groups: androgynous (high masculine/high feminine), masculine (high masculine/low feminine), feminine (low mascu- line/high feminine), and undifferentiated (low masculine/low feminine). In the nearly three decades since the BSRI was developed, women’s and men’s roles in American society have changed in a variety of ways. One of the most notable changes as regards http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sex Roles Springer Journals

Masculinity and Femininity in Contemporary American Society: A Reevaluation Using the Bem Sex-Role Inventory

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Plenum Publishing Corporation
Subject
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
0360-0025
eISSN
1573-2762
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1007119516728
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

P1: Vendor/GAV/GAP P2: FLF Sex Roles [sers] PP029-292514 January 10, 2001 19:36 Style file version Nov. 19th, 1999 Sex Roles, Vol. 43, Nos. 7/8, 2000 Masculinity and Femininity in Contemporary American Society: A Reevaluation Using the Bem Sex-Role Inventory Carol J. Auster and Susan C. Ohm Franklin and Marshall College Until the 1970s, masculinity and femininity were thought to constitute a single bipolar dimension. In the 1970s, a variety of researchers challenged this notion and suggested instead that masculinity and femininity were two sepa- rate dimensions on which an individual could be high or low (Constantinople, 1973). More than 25 years ago, Sandra Bem developed a measurement in- strument, the widely used Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), which treated these two dimensions as separate and orthogonal (Bem, 1974). Based on re- spondents’ self-ratings of a list of personality traits, the BSRI allows the clas- sification of respondents into four groups: androgynous (high masculine/high feminine), masculine (high masculine/low feminine), feminine (low mascu- line/high feminine), and undifferentiated (low masculine/low feminine). In the nearly three decades since the BSRI was developed, women’s and men’s roles in American society have changed in a variety of ways. One of the most notable changes as regards

Journal

Sex RolesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 16, 2004

References

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