P1: Vendor/GAV/GAP P2: FLF Sex Roles [sers] PP029-292514 January 10, 2001 19:36 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999 Sex Roles, Vol. 43, Nos. 7/8, 2000 Masculinity and Femininity in Contemporary American Society: A Reevaluation Using the Bem Sex-Role Inventory Carol J. Auster and Susan C. Ohm Franklin and Marshall College Until the 1970s, masculinity and femininity were thought to constitute a single bipolar dimension. In the 1970s, a variety of researchers challenged this notion and suggested instead that masculinity and femininity were two sepa- rate dimensions on which an individual could be high or low (Constantinople, 1973). More than 25 years ago, Sandra Bem developed a measurement in- strument, the widely used Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), which treated these two dimensions as separate and orthogonal (Bem, 1974). Based on re- spondents’ self-ratings of a list of personality traits, the BSRI allows the clas- siﬁcation of respondents into four groups: androgynous (high masculine/high feminine), masculine (high masculine/low feminine), feminine (low mascu- line/high feminine), and undifferentiated (low masculine/low feminine). In the nearly three decades since the BSRI was developed, women’s and men’s roles in American society have changed in a variety of ways. One of the most notable changes as regards
Sex Roles – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera