ISSN 1022-7954, Russian Journal of Genetics, 2006, Vol. 42, No. 4, p. 459. © Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2006. Original Russian Text © The Editorial Board, 2006, published in Genetika, 2006, Vol. 42, No. 4, p. 571. CHRONICLE Mark Leonidovich Bel’govskii (March 20, 1906–April 15, 1959) DOI: 10.1134/S1022795406040144 Kyrgyz animal breeding expedition of the USSR Acad- emy of Sciences of 1928–1929. After graduating from the university, Bel’govskii was directed to work at the All-Union Institute of Animal Breeding. In 1933, he moved to the Laboratory of Genetics of the USSR Academy of Sciences; this laboratory was later reorga- nized by Vavilov into the Institute of Genetics. From 1933 through 1937, Bel’govskii worked under the guidance of the American geneticist Mueller, who had been invited to the Soviet Union by Vavilov and directed studies on Drosophila genetics. He was a brave soldier during the war and fought a stern battle with ignorance in science in the time of peace. After genetics was smashed up in 1948, Bel’govskii had no opportunity for carrying out experiments for two years and, being ﬂuent in several foreign lan- guages, he translated a dozen of scientiﬁc books. These books were of immense importance during the period when Soviet geneticists were detached from the world science. During this difﬁcult period (from 1950 to 1955), Bel’govskii worked in the Institute of Forestry and headed the Laboratory of Forest Protection, proving himself a brilliant entomologist. He obtained valuable genetic results on the effect of insecticides on insects and was among the ﬁrst authors of published works in the ﬁeld. In November 1955, Bel’govskii moved to the Labo- This year holds the 100th anniversary of the prominent ratory of Radiation Genetics, which was organized by geneticist Mark Leonidovich Bel’govskii, a disciple and N.P. Dubinin at the Institute of Biophysics of the USSR colleague of Yu.A. Filipchenko, Th.G. Dobzhansky, Academy of Sciences. He contributed to the develop- N.I. Vavilov, and H. Mueller. ment of research in this laboratory and reviewed data on Bel’govskii’s name is associated with studies in radiation genetics. Bel’govskii authored the main arti- general and radiation genetics. He was among the ﬁrst cles on the problem of the gene that appeared in the to formulate the problem of the effect of genotypic Major and Minor Soviet Encyclopedias in this period of environment on mutability of genes and to employ the rebirth of genetics. mathematical methods in analyzing the nature of The contribution of Bel’govskii to the restoration of induced chromosome rearrangements. genetics and his educational activities at MOIP in the As noted by M.E. Lobashev, “among Soviet geneti- mid- to late 1950s is invaluable. cists, he was one of the most trenchant analysts of Bel’govskii’s life was short; he had no opportunity genetic processes and was highly skilled as a genetic to realize his creative potential in full measure, but he engineer in constructing model genetic lines.” certainly did much for the triumph of truth. Bel’govskii was born in 1906 in Poltava. In 1930, he graduated from the Leningrad State University, having Everyone who knew Bel’govskii noted his radiant majored in genetics. As a student, he participated in the intelligence, buoyancy, and boundless kindness.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 19, 2006
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