Mark Leonidovich Bel’govskii (March 20, 1906–April 15, 1959)

Mark Leonidovich Bel’govskii (March 20, 1906–April 15, 1959) ISSN 1022-7954, Russian Journal of Genetics, 2006, Vol. 42, No. 4, p. 459. © Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2006. Original Russian Text © The Editorial Board, 2006, published in Genetika, 2006, Vol. 42, No. 4, p. 571. CHRONICLE Mark Leonidovich Bel’govskii (March 20, 1906–April 15, 1959) DOI: 10.1134/S1022795406040144 Kyrgyz animal breeding expedition of the USSR Acad- emy of Sciences of 1928–1929. After graduating from the university, Bel’govskii was directed to work at the All-Union Institute of Animal Breeding. In 1933, he moved to the Laboratory of Genetics of the USSR Academy of Sciences; this laboratory was later reorga- nized by Vavilov into the Institute of Genetics. From 1933 through 1937, Bel’govskii worked under the guidance of the American geneticist Mueller, who had been invited to the Soviet Union by Vavilov and directed studies on Drosophila genetics. He was a brave soldier during the war and fought a stern battle with ignorance in science in the time of peace. After genetics was smashed up in 1948, Bel’govskii had no opportunity for carrying out experiments for two years and, being fluent in several foreign lan- guages, he translated a dozen of scientific books. These books were of immense importance during the period when Soviet geneticists were detached from the world science. During this difficult period (from 1950 to 1955), Bel’govskii worked in the Institute of Forestry and headed the Laboratory of Forest Protection, proving himself a brilliant entomologist. He obtained valuable genetic results on the effect of insecticides on insects and was among the first authors of published works in the field. In November 1955, Bel’govskii moved to the Labo- This year holds the 100th anniversary of the prominent ratory of Radiation Genetics, which was organized by geneticist Mark Leonidovich Bel’govskii, a disciple and N.P. Dubinin at the Institute of Biophysics of the USSR colleague of Yu.A. Filipchenko, Th.G. Dobzhansky, Academy of Sciences. He contributed to the develop- N.I. Vavilov, and H. Mueller. ment of research in this laboratory and reviewed data on Bel’govskii’s name is associated with studies in radiation genetics. Bel’govskii authored the main arti- general and radiation genetics. He was among the first cles on the problem of the gene that appeared in the to formulate the problem of the effect of genotypic Major and Minor Soviet Encyclopedias in this period of environment on mutability of genes and to employ the rebirth of genetics. mathematical methods in analyzing the nature of The contribution of Bel’govskii to the restoration of induced chromosome rearrangements. genetics and his educational activities at MOIP in the As noted by M.E. Lobashev, “among Soviet geneti- mid- to late 1950s is invaluable. cists, he was one of the most trenchant analysts of Bel’govskii’s life was short; he had no opportunity genetic processes and was highly skilled as a genetic to realize his creative potential in full measure, but he engineer in constructing model genetic lines.” certainly did much for the triumph of truth. Bel’govskii was born in 1906 in Poltava. In 1930, he graduated from the Leningrad State University, having Everyone who knew Bel’govskii noted his radiant majored in genetics. As a student, he participated in the intelligence, buoyancy, and boundless kindness. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Mark Leonidovich Bel’govskii (March 20, 1906–April 15, 1959)

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795406040144
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ISSN 1022-7954, Russian Journal of Genetics, 2006, Vol. 42, No. 4, p. 459. © Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2006. Original Russian Text © The Editorial Board, 2006, published in Genetika, 2006, Vol. 42, No. 4, p. 571. CHRONICLE Mark Leonidovich Bel’govskii (March 20, 1906–April 15, 1959) DOI: 10.1134/S1022795406040144 Kyrgyz animal breeding expedition of the USSR Acad- emy of Sciences of 1928–1929. After graduating from the university, Bel’govskii was directed to work at the All-Union Institute of Animal Breeding. In 1933, he moved to the Laboratory of Genetics of the USSR Academy of Sciences; this laboratory was later reorga- nized by Vavilov into the Institute of Genetics. From 1933 through 1937, Bel’govskii worked under the guidance of the American geneticist Mueller, who had been invited to the Soviet Union by Vavilov and directed studies on Drosophila genetics. He was a brave soldier during the war and fought a stern battle with ignorance in science in the time of peace. After genetics was smashed up in 1948, Bel’govskii had no opportunity for carrying out experiments for two years and, being fluent in several foreign lan- guages, he translated a dozen of scientific books. These books were of immense importance during the period when Soviet geneticists were detached from the world science. During this difficult period (from 1950 to 1955), Bel’govskii worked in the Institute of Forestry and headed the Laboratory of Forest Protection, proving himself a brilliant entomologist. He obtained valuable genetic results on the effect of insecticides on insects and was among the first authors of published works in the field. In November 1955, Bel’govskii moved to the Labo- This year holds the 100th anniversary of the prominent ratory of Radiation Genetics, which was organized by geneticist Mark Leonidovich Bel’govskii, a disciple and N.P. Dubinin at the Institute of Biophysics of the USSR colleague of Yu.A. Filipchenko, Th.G. Dobzhansky, Academy of Sciences. He contributed to the develop- N.I. Vavilov, and H. Mueller. ment of research in this laboratory and reviewed data on Bel’govskii’s name is associated with studies in radiation genetics. Bel’govskii authored the main arti- general and radiation genetics. He was among the first cles on the problem of the gene that appeared in the to formulate the problem of the effect of genotypic Major and Minor Soviet Encyclopedias in this period of environment on mutability of genes and to employ the rebirth of genetics. mathematical methods in analyzing the nature of The contribution of Bel’govskii to the restoration of induced chromosome rearrangements. genetics and his educational activities at MOIP in the As noted by M.E. Lobashev, “among Soviet geneti- mid- to late 1950s is invaluable. cists, he was one of the most trenchant analysts of Bel’govskii’s life was short; he had no opportunity genetic processes and was highly skilled as a genetic to realize his creative potential in full measure, but he engineer in constructing model genetic lines.” certainly did much for the triumph of truth. Bel’govskii was born in 1906 in Poltava. In 1930, he graduated from the Leningrad State University, having Everyone who knew Bel’govskii noted his radiant majored in genetics. As a student, he participated in the intelligence, buoyancy, and boundless kindness.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 19, 2006

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