Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 75, No. 11, 2002, pp. 1889 31892. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 75, No. 11, 2002, pp. 1926 31929. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2002 by Morachevskii. HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ AND CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY Marcellin Berthelot (on 175th Anniversary of His Birthday) Pierre Eugene Marcellin Berthelot ranks among the most prominent chemists of the second half of the XIX century and early XX century. The great number of his works include fundamental investigations in vir- tually all branches of chemistry of that time, original studies in physics, biology, history of science and art, archeology, philosophy, pedagogics, linguistics, ethics, and esthetics. Works of the French scientist much promoted the transformation of organic chemis- try into a separate kind of science, stimulated the development of the most important fields of physical chemistry, and enriched the history of chemistry. M. Berthelot was born on October 25, 1827, in Paris into a doctor’s family. In 1846, he graduated from a lyceum, having demonstrated substantial learn- ing capability both in natural sciences and in humani- ties. Berthelot was aided in his diverse scientific ac- tivities by his knowledge of foreign languages, in- cluding Grecian and Sanskrit.
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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